Full Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 177 OF 271

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Novel Amphibian Tier 2 Testing Protocol: A 30-Week Exposure of Xenopus Tropicalis to the Antiandrogen Flutamide.
Author Knechtges, P. L. ; Sprando, R. L. ; Porter, K. L. ; Brennan, L. M. ; Miller, M. F. ;
CORP Author Army Center for Environmental Health Research, Fort Detrick, MD.
Publisher 2007
Year Published 2007
Report Number EPA-IAG-DW-21-93962001-2;
Stock Number ADA462783
Additional Subjects Environmental tests ; Pollutants ; Frogs ; Biochemistry ; Test methods ; Endocrine glands ; Endocrine disruption ; Flutamide ; Screening programs ; Edc(Endocrine-disrupting chemicals)
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
NTIS  ADA462783 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 10/08/2007
Collation 11p
Abstract In 1996, the U.S. Congress mandated the development of a screening program for endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) using validated test systems. Subsequently, the Endocrine Disruptor Screening and Testing Advisory Committee recommended the development of a standardized amphibian assay for tier 2 testing of EDCs. For that reason, a tier 2 testing protocol using Xenopus (Silurana) tropicalis and a 30-week, flow-through exposure to the antiandrogen flutamide from stage 46 tadpoles through sexually mature adult frogs were developed and evaluated in this pilot study. The endpoints for this study included measurements of frog body lengths and weights, liver weights, ovary/egg mass weights, testicular and ovarian histopathology, plasma vitellogenin levels, and notes on any abnormalities observed at necropsy. Increasing exposure concentrations to flutamide caused significant increases in frogs with no recognizable gonadal tissue and increased body and liver weights in male frogs, whereas the body lengths and weights decreased significantly in female frogs. Important issues must be resolved before a tier 2 amphibian assay can be further developed and validated, including the establishment of baseline values in the controls for the parameters under study; the maintenance, measurement, and timing of exposure concentrations; and the development of additional biomolecular markers of effect. This study demonstrated the feasibility of conducting long-term EDC exposure studies using X. tropicalis.
Supplementary Notes Prepared in collaboration with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Beltsville, MD; Science Applications International Corp., Fort Detrick, MD; and with the the Dept. of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Published in Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v26, n3, p555-564, 2007.
Availability Notes Product reproduced from digital image. Order this product from NTIS by: phone at 1-800-553-NTIS (U.S. customers); (703)605-6000 (other countries); fax at (703)605-6900; and email at orders@ntis.gov. NTIS is located at 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA, 22161, USA.
NTIS Title Notes Journal article.
Category Codes 57B; 57H; 57Y
NTIS Prices PC A03/MF A01
Document Type NT
Cataloging Source NTIS/MT
Control Number 019100470
Origin NTIS
Type CAT