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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Groundwater Geochemistry A Practical Guide to Modeling of Natural and Contaminated Aquatic Systems / [electronic resource] :
Type EBOOK
Author Merkel, Broder J.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Planer-Friedrich, Britta.
Nordstrom, Darrell Kirk.
Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg,
Year Published 2005
Call Number GB1001-1199.8
ISBN 9783540272212
Subjects Analytical biochemistry. ; Hydraulic engineering. ; Environmental toxicology. ; Environmental pollution.
Internet Access
Description Access URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/b138774
Collation XII, 200 p. 76 illus. With CD-ROM. online resource.
Notes Due to license restrictions, this resource is available to EPA employees and authorized contractors only
Contents Notes Theoretical Background -- Hydrogeochemical Modeling Programs -- Exercises -- Solutions. To understand hydrochemistry and to analyze natural as well as man-made impacts on aquatic systems, hydrogeochemical models have been used since the 1960's and more frequently in recent times. Numerical groundwater flow, transport, and geochemical models are important tools besides classical deterministic and analytical approaches. Solving complex linear or non-linear systems of equations, commonly with hundreds of unknown parameters, is a routine task for a PC. Modeling hydrogeochemical processes requires a detailed and accurate water analysis, as well as thermodynamic and kinetic data as input. Thermodynamic data, such as complex formation constants and solubility products, are often provided as data sets within the respective programs. However, the description of surface-controlled reactions (sorption, cation exchange, surface complexation) and kinetically controlled reactions requires additional input data. Unlike groundwater flow and transport models, thermodynamic models, in principal, do not need any calibration. However, considering surface-controlled or kinetically controlled reaction models might be subject to calibration. Typical problems for the application of geochemical models are: speciation determination of saturation indices adjustment of equilibria/disequilibria for minerals or gases mixing of different waters modeling the effects of temperature stoichiometric reactions (e.g. titration) reactions with solids, fluids, and gaseous phases (in open and closed systems) sorption (cation exchange, surface complexation) inverse modeling kinetically controlled reactions reactive transport Hydrogeochemical models are dependent on the quality of the chemical analyses, the boundary conditions presumed by the program, theoretical concepts (e.g.
Place Published Berlin, Heidelberg
Corporate Au Added Ent SpringerLink (Online service)
Host Item Entry Springer eBooks
PUB Date Free Form 2005
BIB Level m
Medium computer
Content text
Carrier online resource
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20140517062713
Language eng
Origin SPRINGER
Type EBOOK
OCLC Rec Leader 03718nam a22005055i 45