||Trace Metal Fate in a Rotary Kiln Incinerator with an Ionizing Wet Scrubber (Journal Article).
Waterland, L. R. ;
Fournier, D. J. ;
Lee, J. W. ;
Carroll, G. J. ;
||Acurex Corp., Jefferson, AR.;Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Risk Reduction Engineering Lab.
Air pollution control equipment ;
Waste disposal ;
Pilot plants ;
Hazardous materials ;
Performance evaluation ;
Combustion products ;
Wet methods ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||A series of pilot-scale incineration tests was performed at EPA's Incineration Research Facility (IRF) in Jefferson, Arkansas, to evaluate the fate of trace metals fed to a rotary kiln incinerator equipped with an ionizing wet scrubber (IWS) for particulate and acid gas control. Test variables were kiln temperature, ranging from 816 to 927 C (1500 to 1700 F); afterburner temperature, ranging from 982 to 1204 C (1800 to 2200 F); and feed chlorine content, ranging from 0 to 8 percent. The test program evaluated the fate of five hazardous constituent trace metals (arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, and lead) and four nonhazardous constituent trace metals (bismuth, copper, magnesium, and strontium). The test results indicate that cadmium and bismuth were relatively volatile, with an average of less than 40 percent discharged with the kiln ash. Arsenic, barium, chromium, copper, lead, magnesium, and strontium were relatively nonvolatile, with an average of greater than 80 percent discharged with the kiln ash. Observed relative metal volatilities generally agreed with the volatilities predicted based on vapor pressure/temperature relationships, with the exception of arsenic which was much less volatile than predicted. The volatility of cadmium, bismuth, and lead increased as kiln temperature was increased; the discharge distributions of the remaining metals were not significantly affected by changes in kiln temperature. Apparent scrubber collection efficiencies for the metals averaged 22 to 71 percent, and were generally higher for the less volatile metals. The overall average metal collection efficiency was 43 percent.
||Pub. in Waste Management, v11 n3 p103-109 1991. See also PB90-246174. Sponsored by Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Risk Reduction Engineering Lab.
||Reprint: Trace Metal Fate in a Rotary Kiln Incinerator with an Ionizing Wet Scrubber (Journal Article).
||68A; 68C; 99B
||PC A02/MF A01