||Comparisons of the Effects of TCDD and Hydrocortisone on Growth Factor Expression Provide Insight into Their Interaction in the Embryonic Mouse Palate.
Abbott, B. D. ;
Harris, M. W. ;
Birnbaum., L. S. ;
||Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC. ;National Inst. of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC.
Cleft palate ;
Transforming growth factors ;
Epidermal growth factor-urogastrone ;
Messenger RNA ;
Gene expression regulation ;
Electron microscopy ;
Nucleic acid hybridization ;
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||Cleft palate (CP) can be induced in embryonic mice by a wide range of compounds, including glucocorticoids and 2,3,7,8-tyetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Hydrocortisone (HC), a glucocorticoid, retards embryonic growth producing small palatal shelves, while TCDD exposure blocks the fusion of normally sized shelves. TCDD induction of CP involves altered differentiation of the medial epithelial cells. Recent studies indicate that growth factors such as EGF, TGF-alpha, TGF-beta1, and TGF-beta2 are involved in palatogenesis, regulating proliferation, differentiation, and extracellular matrix production. A synergism has been observed between HC and TCDD in which doses too low to induce CP alone are able to produce >90% incidence when coadministered. In the present study a standard teratology protocol was performed in C57BL/6N mice to examine the synergism at doses lower than those previously published. Data from the study indicate synergistic interactions at doses as low as 3 micrograms TCDD/kg + 1 mg HC/kg. This extreme sensitivity suggests the involvement of a receptor-mediated mechanism possibly resulting in altered regulation of gene expression. (Copyright (c) 1992 Wiley-Liss, Inc.)
||Pub. in Teratology 45, n1 p35-53 Jan 92. Prepared in cooperation with National Inst. of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC.
|NTIS Title Notes
||Reprint: Comparisons of the Effects of TCDD and Hydrocortisone on Growth Factor Expression Provide Insight into Their Interaction in the Embryonic Mouse Palate.
||57Y; 57S; 57F
||PC A03/MF A01