||Immature Rat Leydig Cells are Intrinsically Less Sensitive Than Adult Leydig Cells to Ethane Dimethanesulfonate.
Kelce, W. R. ;
Zirkin, B. R. ;
Ewing, L. L. ;
||Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Dept. of Population Dynamics. ;National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Leydig cells ;
In vivo analysis ;
In vitro analysis ;
Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases ;
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||Leydig cells from immature rat testes appear to be insensitive to doses of ethane-1,2-dimethanesulfonate (EDS) which eliminate Leydig cells from adult rat testes. The authors sought to determine whether this differential response to EDS is intrinsic to the Leydig cell or mediated by other intra- or extratesticular differences between adult and immature rats. To differentiate among these possibilities, Leydig cells were exposed to EDS (1) in vivo, (2) through in vitro testicular perfusion, or (3) in highly purified Leydig cell primary cultures. Four days after ip injection of 85 mg EDS/kg body wt Leydig cells were eliminated from testes of adult, but not immature rats. Total androgen production by testes perfused in vitro with 94 microgram EDS/ml was dramatically reduced in adult, but not immature rats. Highly purified adult, but not immature, rat Leydig cells were far more sensitive to the effects of EDS on luteinizing hormone-stimulated androgen production (functional effects; apparent EC50 = 94 for adult and 407 microgram/ml for immature rat Leydig cells) and on (35S)methionine incorporation (cytotoxic effects; apparent EC50 = 140 for adult and 1000 microgram/ml for immature rat Leydig cells). Finally, the in vitro effects of EDS were both cell type and chemical specific. (Copyright (c) 1991 Academic Press, Inc.)
||Pub. in Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, v111 n2 p189-200 Nov 91. Prepared in cooperation with National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD. Sponsored by Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
|NTIS Title Notes
||Reprint: Immature Rat Leydig Cells are Intrinsically Less Sensitive Than Adult Leydig Cells to Ethane Dimethanesulfonate.
||PC A03/MF A01