||New Early Life-Stage Toxicity Test Using the California Grunion (Leuresthes tenuis) and Results with Chlorpyrifos.
Goodman, L. R. ;
Hansen, D. J. ;
Cripe, G. M. ;
Middaugh, D. P. ;
Moore, J. C. ;
||Environmental Research Lab., Gulf Breeze, FL.
Marine fishes ;
Water pollution ;
Chlorine organic compounds ;
Organic phosphates ;
Leuresthes tenuis ;
California grunion ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||California grunion were continuously exposed as embryos and fry to technical chlorpyrifos in two toxicity tests conducted in the same exposure apparatus. The first test, a 35-day early life-stage (ELS) test, began with approximately 2.5-day-old embryos that were exposed in flow-through aquaria in darkness until hatching was stimulated on day 9 of exposure. The second toxicity test, a fry test, began with newly-hatched fry and lasted 26 days. Test water temperature ranged from 23 to 26C and salinity from 24.5 to 34 dissolved solids in sea water parts per thousand by weight. Results of the two tests were similar, indicating that exposure of embryos added little to the overall toxicity of chlorpyrifos to grunions. Percentage hatch of embryos was unaffected by the chlorpyrifos concentrations tested.
||Pub. in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 10, p12-21 1985.
|NTIS Title Notes
||Reprint: New Early Life-Stage Toxicity Test Using the California Grunion (Leuresthes tenuis) and Results with Chlorpyrifos.
|PUB Date Free Form
||8A; 6T; 6F; 68D; 47D; 57P; 57Y
||PC A02/MF A01