||Toxicities of Cadmium, Copper, and Zinc to Four Juvenile Stages of Chinook Salmon and Steelhead.
Chapman, Gary A. ;
||National Heart, Lung, and Blood Inst., Bethesda, MD.
Lethal dosage ;
Water pollution ;
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha ;
Heavy metals ;
Toxic substances ;
Steelhead trout ;
Salmo gairdnerii ;
Water pollution effects(Animals)
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||Continuous-flow toxicity tests were conducted to determine the relative tolerances of newly hatched alevins, swim-up alevins, parr, and smolts of chinook salmon (Oncorhyncus tshawytscha) to cadmium, copper, and zinc. Newly hatched alevins were much more tolerant to cadmium and, to a lesser extent, to zinc than were later juvenile forms. However, the later progression from swim-up alevin, through parr, to smolt was accompanied by a slight increase in metal tolerance. The 96-h LC50 values for all four life stages ranges from 1.0 to >27 micrograms Cd/liter, 17 to 38 micrograms Cu/liter, and 93 to 815 micrograms Zn/liter. Steelhead were consistently more sensitive to these metals than were chinook salmon. When a sensitive life stage for acute toxicity tests with metals is sought, the more resistant newly hatched alevins should be avoided. Although tolerance may increase with age, all later juvenile life stages are more sensitive and should give similar results.
||Pub. in Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 107(6), p841-847 1978.
|NTIS Title Notes
||Reprint: Toxicities of Cadmium, Copper, and Zinc to Four Juvenile Stages of Chinook Salmon and Steelhead.
|PUB Date Free Form
||6T; 6F; 8A; 57Y; 68D; 47D
||PC A02/MF A01