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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Abundance of trace and minor elements in organic and mineral fractions of coal /
Author Kuhn, J. K. ; Fiene, F. L. ; Cahill, R. A. ; Gluskoter, H. J. ; Shimp., N. F.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Kuhn, John K.
CORP Author Illinois State Geological Survey, Urbana.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1980
Report Number EPA/600/7-80/003; EPA-68-02-2130
Stock Number PB81-113961
Subjects Coal--Analysis. ; Trace elements--Analysis.
Additional Subjects Coal ; Chemical analysis ; Trace elements ; Minerals ; Coal preparation ; Organic compounds ; Concentration(Composition) ; Sampling ; Ions ; Air pollution ; Air pollution abatement ; Physical treatment
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB81-113961 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 01/01/1988
Collation 75 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
Abstract The report gives results of subjecting 27 U.S. coals to float/sink, acid, and ion-exchange treatments. From these treatments, coal fractions were obtained and analyzed to determine the organic and mineral associations of 45 elements. Of the elements studied, B, Be, Br, Ge, and Sb were consistently classified organic; sulfide-forming elements (Zn, As, Cd, and Fe) were classified inorganic; and others (e.g., Al, Ca, Ga, Ni, P, Si, and Ti) were intermediate, or variable in their association. Three general observations were made; (1) the total concentration of an element in coal is not indicative of its concentration in the organic phase; (2) because concentrations vary widely, an accurate appraisal of trace and minor element associations requires that each coal be evaluated separately; and (3) the highest concentrations of trace and minor elements in coal occur in the mineral matter. Despite evidence that many elements exhibit some degree of organic association, most of the trace and minor elements in these coals were in a mineral form. Thus many elements could be significantly reduced by physical cleaning. The degree of reduction depends on the mineral, its size, and its distribution.
Notes "August 1980." Includes bibliographical references (pages 64-67). Microfiche.
Place Published Research Triangle Park, NC : U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
PUB Date Free Form 1980.
Series Title Traced Environmental geology notes ; 88
NTIS Prices PC A04/MF A01
BIB Level m
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20020117172152
Language eng
Origin NTIS
OCLC Rec Leader 00963nam 2200265Ka 45020