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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Water-related environmental effects in fuel conversion /
Author Gold, Harris. ; Goldstein, David J.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Goldstein, David J.,
CORP Author Water Purification Associates.; Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Research Triangle Park, N.C. Office of Energy, Minerals, and Industry.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Energy, Minerals, and Industry ; For sale by the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA-600/7-78-197a; EPA-68-03-2207; DOE-EX-76-C-01-2445
Stock Number PB-288 313
OCLC Number 04899570
ISBN bpk.
Subjects Synthetic fuels industry--Water-supply. ; Synthetic fuels industry--Environmental aspects. ; Synthetic fuels industry--Environmental aspects. ; Synthetic fuels industry--Water-supply.
Additional Subjects Synthetic fuels industry--Water-supply ; Synthetic fuels industry--Environmental aspects ; Water pollution control ; Water consumption ; Coal gasification ; Coal ; Refining ; Oil shale ; Process charting ; Design criteria ; Performance evaluation ; Sites ; Cost analysis ; Technology ; Water supply ; Industrial waste treatment ; Waste water reuse ; Coal gasification plants ; Manufactured gas ; Coal liquefaction ; Coal liquifaction plants ; Oil shale processing plants
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-7-78-197a Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 07/03/2013
EJED  EPA 600/7-78-197a OCSPP Chemical Library/Washington,DC 01/01/1988
EKBD  EPA-600/7-78-197a Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 08/25/2000
ELBD  EPA 600-7-78-197a AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 04/25/1998
ESAD  EPA 600-7-78-197A Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-288 313 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation v. : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
Abstract The report gives results of an examination of water-related effects that can be expected from siting conversion plants in the major U.S. coal and oil shale bearing regions. Ninety plant-site combinations were studied: 48 in the Central and Eastern U.S. and 42 in the Western. Synthetic fuel technologies examined include: coal gasification to convert coal to pipeline gas; coal liquefaction to convert coal to low sulfur fuel oil; coal refining to produce a de-ashed, low-sulfur solvent refined (clean) coal; and oil shale retorting to produce synthetic crude. Results presented include the range of water requirements, conditions for narrowing the range and optimizing the use of water, ranges of residual solid wastes, and cost and energy requirements for waste water treatment. A comparison of water requirements with those of two recently published studies shows widely varying estimates and emphasizes the need for both site- and design-specific calculations. A review of various combinations of cooling requirements indicates a factor of 4 difference in water consumption across all processes studied. Where water costs < 25 cents/1000 gal., a high degree of wet cooling appears best. If > $1.50/1000 gal., a minimum of wet cooling should be considered. Between these, a more balanced mix needs to be reviewed. All water requirements of this study are based on complete water re-use; i.e., no direct water discharge to streams or rivers.
Notes Contract no. 68-03-2207, program element no. EHE623A. V. 1, Oct. 1978. Includes bibliographical references.
Contents Notes v. 1. Summary.
Place Published Research Triangle Park, N.C. Springfield, Va.
Corporate Au Added Ent Water Purification Associates.; Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory (Research Triangle Park, N.C.). Office of Energy, Minerals, and Industry.
Corp Au Ser Add Ent United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Interagency energy-environment research and development program report ; EPA-600/7-78-197 a.
PUB Date Free Form 1978-
Series Title Untraced Interagency energy-environment research and development program report ; EPA-600/7-78-197 a
NTIS Prices PC A11/MF A01
BIB Level m
Document Type BC
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20130628091126
Language eng
SUDOCS Number EP 1.23/8:600/7-78-197 a
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 01887cam 2200385Ii 45020