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Main Title Exhaust emission effects of fuel sulfur and oxygen on gasoline nonroad engines /
CORP Author United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Transportation and Air Quality. Assessment and Standards Division,
Publisher United States Environmental Protection Agency, Air and Radiation,
Year Published 2004
Report Number EPA420-P-04-003
Stock Number PB2005-106069
OCLC Number 915357086
Subjects Atmospheric sulfur dioxide ; Spark ignition engines--Exhaust gas--Environmental aspects ; Combustion gases--Environmental aspects ; Gasoline--Standards--United States ; Vehicles--Motors--Exhaust gas--United States
Additional Subjects Air pollution effects ; Fuel sulfur ; Oxygen ; Exhaust emissions ; Gasoline ; Specifications ; Sulfur dioxide emissions ; Impacts ; Two stroke engines ; Gasoline nonroad vehicles ; Nonroad gasoline fueled engines
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELCD  EPA 420-P-04-003 PDF file on file NVFEL Library/Ann Arbor, MI 08/10/2015
NTIS  PB2005-106069 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Edition Revised April 2004.
Collation 1 online resource ([8] pages) : tables
Abstract The purpose of this memo is to document the effects of changing gasoline specifications on exhaust emissions from nonroad gasoline-fueled engines that are incorporated in EPA's draft NONROAD2004 emissions inventory model. There have been a number of gasoline specifications that have changed or have been considered for change in the past few years. The most prominent of these changes has been summer volatility restrictions, wintertime oxygenated fuel requirements, and reformulated gasoline requirements which incorporate year-round oxygenate requirements and summertime emission requirements. For reasons described below, the effect of these fuel changes on nonroad gasoline engines' exhaust emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and volatile organic compounds (VOC) is ascribed mainly to the oxygen content. Any expected changes to the fuel sulfur is expected to reduce SOx emissions only.
Notes Title from PDF title screen (viewed on August 3, 2015). "NR-003b." "April 2004." "EPA420-P-04-003." Supersedes 420-P-02-012. Includes bibliographical references.
Place Published Washington, D.C.
Availability Notes Product reproduced from digital image. Order this product from NTIS by: phone at 1-800-553-NTIS (U.S. customers); (703)605-6000 (other countries); fax at (703)605-6900; and email at orders@ntis.gov. NTIS is located at 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA, 22161, USA.
Corporate Au Added Ent United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Transportation and Air Quality. Assessment and Standards Division,
PUB Date Free Form 2004
Category Codes 68A; 81A; 97K
NTIS Prices PC A03/MF A01
Primary Description 100/00
BIB Level m
Medium computer
Content text
Carrier online resource
Cataloging Source RDA
Control Number 029200860
OCLC Time Stamp 20150803125003
Language eng
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 01630nam 2200361Ki 45020