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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Estimating emissions associated with portable fuel containers (PFCs).
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Transportation and Air Quality.
Publisher Assessment and Standards Division, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 2007
Report Number EPA 420-R-07-001
Stock Number PB2007-106741
OCLC Number 658056431
Subjects Gasoline--Storage--Environmental aspects--United States. ; Air--Pollution--United States. ; Hydrocarbons. ; Vapors--Environmental aspects--United States. ; Gasoline--Environmental aspects--United States. ; Containers--Environmental aspects--United States.
Additional Subjects Fuel containers ; Gas cans ; Emissions control ; Air pollution control ; Standards ; Volatile organic compounds ; Evaporative emissions ; Gasoline ; Estimates ; Refueling ; California ; Portable fuel containers (PFCs) ; Gasoline-powered equipment
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELCD  EPA 420-R-07-001 PDF file on file NVFEL Library/Ann Arbor, MI 08/16/2010
NTIS  PB2007-106741 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 04/04/2019
Collation 1 online resource (28 pages) : illustrations
Abstract Portable fuel containers (PFCs, or gas cans) are consumer products used to refuel a wide variety of gasoline-powered equipment. California has established an emissions control program for gas cans which began in 2001. Since then, some other states have adopted the California requirements. Last year, California adopted a revised program. EPA is planning to propose standards to control VOCs as an ozone precursor and also to minimize exposure to VOC-based toxics such as benzene and toluene. Gasoline is highly volatile and evaporates easily from containers that are not sealed or closed properly. Although an individual gas can is a relatively modest emission source, the cumulative VOC emissions from estimated population of 80 million gas cans are quite significant. Left uncontrolled, the evaporative emissions from a gas can are up to 60 times the VOC of a new Tier 2 vehicle evaporative control system. Gas can emissions are primarily of three types: evaporative emissions from unsealed or open containers; permeation emissions from gasoline passing through the walls of the plastic containers; and evaporative emissions from gasoline spillage during use. This report proposes an approach to estimating the VOC inventory associated with PFCs used for gasoline. (This analyses does not consider PFCs used for either kerosene or diesel fuel.)
Notes Title from PDF title screen (EPA, viewed Aug. 6, 2010). "February 2007." Includes bibliographical references (page 13). "EPA420-R-07-001."
Place Published Washington, D.C.
Availability Notes Product reproduced from digital image. Order this product from NTIS by: phone at 1-800-553-NTIS (U.S. customers); (703)605-6000 (other countries); fax at (703)605-6900; and email at orders@ntis.gov. NTIS is located at 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA, 22161, USA.
Access Notes Mode of access: World Wide Web.; System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader.
Corporate Au Added Ent United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Transportation and Air Quality. Assessment and Standards Division.
PUB Date Free Form 2007
BIB Level m
Medium computer
Content text
Carrier online resource
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
Merged OCLC records 654417522
OCLC Time Stamp 20171107061452
Language eng
SUDOCS Number EP 6.52:EM 4/12
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 02115cam 2200517 a 45110