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Main Title Regional Differences in Airway Surface Liquid Composition.
Author Boucher, R. C. ; Stutts, M. J. ; Bromberg, P. A. ; Gatzy, J. T. ;
CORP Author North Carolina Univ. at Chapel Hill.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Year Published 1980
Report Number EPA-R-806539; EPA-600/J-81-572;
Stock Number PB82-236498
Additional Subjects Liquids ; Trachea ; Chemical analysis ; Regions ; Dogs ; Respiratory system ; Differences ; Clinical chemistry ; Analyzing ; Reprints ; Airways
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB82-236498 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 10p
Abstract Liquid from canine airway surfaces was absorbed onto filter paper strips and analyzed. In resting conditions, tracheal surface liquid was hyperosmolal (330 mosmol/kg H2O) compared to plasma with raised Na(+1) (158 meq/l), Cl(-1) (134 meq/l), K(-1) (28 meq/l), and HCO3(-1) (32 meq/l) concentrations. The volume collected was increased by repetitive sampling, a response blocked by atropine, or by methacholine injection. Compared to nose breathing, tracheal surface liquid osmolality was increased by 10 min of mouth breathing (410 mosmol/kg H2O). Surface liquid from 0.5-cm diameter bronchi was nearly isosmolal (304 mosmol/kg H2O) with plasma in resting conditions, with Na and Cl concentrations lower that plasma (120 and 106 meq/l, respectively), and K(-1) (52 meq/l), and HCO3(-1) (50 meq/l) concentrations higher than those of plasma or tracheal liquid. Although the K(+1) in tracheal fluid approaches the value for electrochemical equilibrium, K(+1) in fluid from the bronchi and HCO3(-1) in both regions cannot be accounted for by passive forces. The regional difference in osmolality supports the concept that the higher osmolality of tracheal liquid reflects evaporative water loss from this site. The transepithelial osmotic gradient generated by evaporative water loss may be a driving force for hydration of the tracheal surface.
Supplementary Notes Pub. in Jnl. of Applied Physiology 50(3), p613-620 1981.
NTIS Title Notes Journal article.
Title Annotations Reprint: Regional Differences in Airway Surface Liquid Composition.
PUB Date Free Form 24 Oct 80
Category Codes 6P; 57D
NTIS Prices PC A02/MF A01
Primary Description 600/11
Document Type NT
Cataloging Source NTIS/MT
Control Number 323820068
Origin NTIS
Type CAT