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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title An economic analysis of the environmental impact of highway deicing /
Author Murray, Donald M.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Ernst, Ulrich F. W.,
CORP Author Abt Associates, Inc., Cambridge, Mass.;Municipal Environmental Research Lab., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory,
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA-600/2-76-105; EPA-68-03-0442
Stock Number PB-253 268
OCLC Number 02206941
Subjects Roads--Snow and ice control. ; Deicing chemicals--Environmental aspects.
Additional Subjects Deicers ; Cost analysis ; Damage assessment ; Environmental impacts ; Highways ; Surveys ; Reviews ; Ice control ; Water supply ; Public health ; Vegetation ; Corrosion ; Runoff ; Sodium chloride ; Cost estimates ; Highway bridges ; Bridge decks ; Water pollution ; Degradation ; Automobiles ; Tables(Data) ; Water pollution effects(Materials) ; Calcium chlorides ; Storm runoff
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHAM  TE220.M88 Region 1 Library/Boston,MA 04/29/2016
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-76-105 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 02/03/2014
EJBD  EPA 600-2-76-105 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/29/2016
ELBD  EPA 600-2-76-105 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 12/19/1997
ESAD  EPA 600-2-76-105 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-253 268 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation ix, 128 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
Abstract The study involves an analysis of the cost of damages that result from the use of salt (sodium chloride and calcium chloride) on highways to melt snow and ice. A large literature search and several surveys were carried out in order to determine the types and extent of damages that have occurred. The report contains over 320 references. An in-depth analysis was performed on all of the data obtained. The major cost sectors examined were: Water supplies and health, vegetation, highway structures, vehicles, and utilities. For each of the sectors a cost estimate was developed. The total annual national cost of salt related damage approaches $3 billion dollars or about 15 times the annual national cost for salt purchase and application. While the largest costs result from damage to vehicles, the most serious damage seems to be the pollution of water supplies and the degradation of health which may result. It is particularly difficult to assign costs in this latter area and therefore the estimate may substantially understate the actual indirect costs to society.
Notes "EPA-600/2-76-105." Includes bibliographical references (pages 96-119).
Place Published Cincinnati
Corporate Au Added Ent Abt Associates.
Title Ser Add Ent Research reporting series. Environmental protection technology.
PUB Date Free Form 1976
Series Title Traced Environmental protection technology series
Series Title Untraced Environmental protection technology series
NTIS Prices PC A07/MF A01
BIB Level m
Medium unmediated
Content text
Carrier volume
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
Merged OCLC records 1225755287
OCLC Time Stamp 20160419143058
Language eng
SUDOCS Number EP 1.23/2:600/2-76-105
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 01565cam 2200373Ii 45020