||Joint Action of O3 and SO2 in Modifying Plant Gas Exchange.
Olszyk, D. M. ;
Tingey, D. T. ;
||Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR. ;California Univ., Riverside. Statewide Air Pollution Research Center.
Plant physiology ;
Sulfur dioxide ;
Air pollution ;
Water vapor ;
Plant metabolism ;
Air pollution effects(Plants) ;
Gas exchange ;
Mass balance ;
||Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown.
||The joint action of O3 and SO2 stress on plants was investigated. Gas exchange measurements of O3, SO2, and H2O vapor were made for garden pea. Plants were grown under controlled environments; O3, SO2, H2O vapor fluxes were evaluated with a whole-plant gas exchange chamber using the mass-balance approach. Maximum O3 and SO2 fluxes per unit area into leaves averaged 8 nanomoles per square meter per second with exposure to either O3 or SO2 at 0.1 microliters per liter. Internal fluxes of either O3 or SO2 were reduced by up to 50% during exposure to combined versus individual pollutants; the greatest reduction occurred with simultaneous versus sequential combinations of the pollutants. Stomatal conductance to H2O was substantially altered by the pollutant exposures, with O3 molecules twice as effective as SO2 molecules in inducing stomatal closure. Stomatal conductance was related to the integrated dose of pollutants. When O3 was present at the start of the exposure, then stomatal response resembled that for O3 more than the response for SO2. The study indicated that stomatal responses with combinations of O3 and SO2 are not dependent solely on the integrated dose of pollutants, but suggests that a metabolic synergistic effect exists. (Copyright (c) Plant Physiology (1986)82, 401-405.)
||Pub. in Plant Physiology, v82 p401-405 1986. Prepared in cooperation with California Univ., Riverside. Statewide Air Pollution Research Center.
|NTIS Title Notes
||Reprint: Joint Action of O3 and SO2 in Modifying Plant Gas Exchange.
|PUB Date Free Form
||68A; 57C; 57Y
||PC A02/MF A01