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Main Title Manual for deicing chemicals : application practices /
Author Richardson, David L., ; Terry, Robert C. ; Metzger, Jane ; Carroll., Raymond J.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Richardson, David L.
CORP Author Little (Arthur D.), Inc., Cambridge, Mass.;National Environmental Research Center, Cincinnati, Ohio. Advanced Waste Treatment Research Lab.
Publisher National Environmental Research Center, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1974
Report Number EPA-670/2-74-045; EPA-68-03-0154; EPA-ROAP-ATB-036
Stock Number PB-239 694
OCLC Number 01489214
Subjects Deicing chemicals ; Snow removal ; Cities and towns ; Highway maintenance ; Icy roads ; Management and organization ; Ordinances ; Regulations ; Snowplows ; Special purpose vehicles ; Training ; Water pollution ; Administration/ Management Methods ; De-Icing Materials ; Icy Surfaces ; Municipal Ordinances ; Regulatory Laws ; Road Maintenance ; Snow Covered Surfaces ; Teaching/ Training/ Instruction
Additional Subjects Highways ; Deicing ; Manuals ; Deicers ; Water pollution ; Regulations ; Legislation ; Calcium chlorides ; Sodium chloride ; Handling equipment ; Maintenance ; Materials handling ; Management planning ; State government ; Federal government ; Personnel ; Sands ; Snow vehicles ; Water pollution abatement
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 670-2-74-045 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 06/17/2013
EJBD  EPA 670-2-74-045 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 12/23/2014
ELBD  EPA 670-2-74-045 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 01/02/1998
NTIS  PB-239 694 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xii, 151 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm.
Abstract This report contains the results of a study to minimize the loss to the environment of chemicals used in controlling snow and ice on highways. Practical guidelines are presented for the use of deicing chemicals. (1) Supervisory aspects of proper chemical usage are defined, including organization and personnel training. (2) Efficient snow and ice control requires good judgment and appropriate action. Elements of proper decision-making are discussed, including weather forecasting, setting chemical application rates, and accounting for chemical usage. (3) The backbone of winter road maintenance is equipment. General requirements and major equipment classes are described. Methods are given for accurate spreader calibrations. (4) Means are described for developing and enlisting the support of citizens and drivers for winter road maintenance policies. (5) Legal requirements for and constraints on snow and ice control are described.
Notes "Contract No. 68-03-0154; Program Element No. 1BB034." "December 1974." "July 1974." Report prepared by Arthur D. Little, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts. Includes bibliographical references.
Place Published Cincinnati, OH
Supplementary Notes See also report dated Jul 74, PB-236 152.
Availability Notes Paper copy also available from GPO as stock no. 5501:00998.
Highlights Notes Provides guidelines to use of highway deicers including legislation, costs and pollution abatement.
Corporate Au Added Ent National Environmental Research Center (Cincinnati, Ohio); United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Development.
Title Ser Add Ent Research reporting series. Environmental protection technology ; EPA-670/2-74-045.
Alternate Title Deicing chemicals : application practices
NTIS Title Notes Final rept. Jul 72-Jun 74.
PUB Date Free Form 1974
Series Title Untraced Environmental protection technology series ; EPA-670/2-74-045
Category Codes 13B; 50A#; 68D#; 91A#
NTIS Prices PC A08/MF A01
BIB Level m
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
Merged OCLC records 1049395339; 1150217470
Control Number 326599608
OCLC Time Stamp 20130611074712
Language eng
SUDOCS Number EP 1.23/2:670/2-74-045
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 01727cam 2200361Ia 45020