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Main Title Cooling tower plume model /
Author Winiarski, Lawrence Decker, ; Frick., Walter E.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Frick, Walter F..
CORP Author Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., Oreg. Assessment and Criteria Development Div.
Publisher Corvallis Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA-600/3-76-100
Stock Number PB-259 971
OCLC Number 02612980
Subjects Cooling towers--Environmental aspects ; Plumes (Fluid dynamics)--Mathematical models
Additional Subjects Cooling towers ; Plumes ; Computerized simulation ; Mathematical models ; Atmospheric diffusion ; Wind ; Computer programs ; Drag ; Air entrainment ;
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-3-76-100 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 01/11/2011
EJBD  EPA 600-3-76-100 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 09/02/2011
EKBD  EPA-600/3-76-100 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 08/19/2016
ELBD  EPA 600-3-76-100 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 04/10/1998
ESAD  EPA 600-3-76-100 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-259 971 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation iii, 64 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
Abstract A review of recently reported cooling tower plume models yields none that is universally accepted. The entrainment and drag mechanisms and the effect of moisture on the plume trajectory are phenomena which are treated differently by various investigators. In order to better understand these phenomena, a simple numerical scheme is developed which can readily be used to evaluate different entrainment and drag assumptions. Preliminary results indicate that in moderate winds most of the entrainment due to wind can be accounted for by the direct impingement of the wind on the plume path. Initially, the pressure difference across the plume is found to produce a substantial drag force. Thus, it is likely that a certain portion of the plume bending is due to these pressure forces, and artificially increasing wind entrainment to fit experimental data is unnecessary.
Notes Includes bibliographical references (pages 39-41).
Place Published Corvallis, Or.
Supplementary Notes (PC A04/MF A01)
Corporate Au Added Ent Corvallis Environmental Research Laboratory,
Title Ser Add Ent Research reporting series. Ecological research ; EPA-600/3-76-100.
PUB Date Free Form 1976
Series Title Traced Ecological research series ; EPA-600/3-76-100
Series Title Untraced Research reporting series. 3, Ecological research ; EPA-600/3-76-100
Category Codes 13B; 4A; 68A; 55B; 97R
NTIS Prices PC A04/MF A01
BIB Level m
Medium unmediated
Content text
Carrier volume
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
Merged OCLC records 465588213; 1225720333
Control Number 323704540
OCLC Time Stamp 20170829050001
Language eng
SUDOCS Number EP 1.23:600/3-76-100
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 02190cam 2200493Ii 45010