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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Characterization of vessel wastes in Duluth-Superior Harbor.
Author Gumtz, Garth D. ; Bumtz, Garth D. ; Jordan, David M. ; Waller., Robert
CORP Author Environmental Quality Systems, Inc., Rockville, Md.;National Environmental Research Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Publisher Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1974
Report Number EPA 670/2-74-097; EPA-R-802772
Stock Number PB-241 081
OCLC Number 01609845
Additional Subjects Water pollution ; Ships ; Harbors ; Lake Superior ; Refuse ; Sewage ; Oils ; Waste water ; Ballast tanks ; Bilge pumps ; Garbage ; Cargo restraint ; Minnesota ; Duluth(Minnesota)
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJAD  EPA 670/2-74-097 Region 3 Library/Philadelphia, PA 08/30/1996 DISPERSAL
ELDM  TD172.E57 1974 CCTE/GLTED Library/Duluth,MN 09/13/2002
NTIS  PB-241 081 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation 52 p. illus.
Abstract Five wastes from United States, Canadian, and foreign commercial vessels were studied at the Duluth-Superior Harbor during late 1973: Bilge water, non-oily ballast water, sewage, garbage/refuse, and dunnage. Vessels generate bilge water at about 6,650 liters/hour with an average oil content of about 225 milligrams/liter. Waste oil which is apparently discharged to bilges (about 600 grams/hour) appears more consistent than either of these two parameters. Bilge water is a substantial pollution problem: On the average about 40 liters (10 gallons) of oil may be discharged during each day a vessel spends in the harbor. Although containing about twice the common water quality contaminants as the harbor waters, ballast water is not a significant environmental problem. Large quantities are, however, discharged: About 9,000 metric tons/visit by lake and bulk carriers. Sewage is apparently generated onboard vessels consistent with accepted design rates (100 gallons/man/day).
Notes Grant no. R-802772. Bibliography: p. 48.
Place Published Cincinnati, Ohio,
Title Ser Add Ent Research reporting series Environmental protection technology ;
PUB Date Free Form 1974.
Series Title Untraced Environmental protection technology series, EPA-R2-74-097
NTIS Prices PC A04/MF A01
BIB Level m
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20030311162827
Language eng
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 00801nam 2200229I 45020