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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Activated carbon treatment of unbleached kraft effluent for reuse /
Author Lang, E. W.,
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Timpe, W. G.,
Miller, R. L.
CORP Author Pacific Northwest Environmental Research Lab., Corvallis, Oreg.;Saint Regis Paper Co., Pensacola, Fla. Research and Development Center.
Publisher National Environmental Research Center : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off.,
Year Published 1975
Report Number EPA-660/2-75-004; EPA-12040-EJU, EPA-ROAP-21AZX-027
Stock Number PB-243 246
OCLC Number 01629819
Subjects Wood-pulp industry--Waste disposal. ; Sewage--Purification. ; Water reuse.
Additional Subjects Industrial waste treatment ; Activated carbon treatment ; Paper industry ; Pulp mills ; Waste water reuse ; Economic analysis ; Sulfate pulping ; Cost estimates ; Operating costs ; Biochemical oxygen demand ; Water quality ; Pilot plants ; Calcium oxides ; Adsorption ; Clarification
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 660-2-75-004 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 11/20/2012
EJBD  EPA 660-2-75-004 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 12/23/2014
ESBD  EPA-660-2-75-004 CPHEA/PESD Library/Corvallis,OR 09/27/2017
NTIS  PB-243 246 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation xiii, 207 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm.
Abstract A four-year pilot plant program was carried out to investigate the technical and economic feasibility of treating unbleached kraft pulp and paper mill effluent for reuse. Preliminary laboratory studies and cost estimates indicated that the following treatment sequences should be investigated in the pilot plant; (1) Primary clarification, carbon adsorption; (2) lime treatment, carbon adsorption; (3) primary clarification, bio-oxidation, carbon adsorption. Water of reusable quality can be provided from unbleached kraft effluent by several combinations of treatment utilizing activated carbon. Unbleached pulping effluents typically contain about 1000 color units, 250 mg/1 TOC, and 250 mg/1 BOD. Reusable water quality as defined in this study is 100 color units and 100 mg/1 TOC. The most economical treatment is the microlime-carbon process that utilizes low dosages of lime and clarification followed by carbon adsorption in down-flow granular carbon beds. Capital cost for treatment by the process of 9.6 mgd of unbleached kraft effluent from an 800-ton-per-day mill was estimated to be approximately $6.7 millions. Operating costs, inclusive of capital depreciation, were extimated to be $0.30 per 1000 gal and $3.58 per pulp-ton, including credit for the reused water.
Notes "Grant No. 12040 EJU; program element 1BB037; ROAP/TASK 21 AZX/027." Includes bibliographical references (pages 166-169).
Place Published Corvallis, Or.
Supplementary Notes Prepared in cooperation with Saint Regis Paper Co., Pensacola, Fla. Research and Development Center.
Availability Notes Paper copy also available from GPO.
Corporate Au Added Ent National Environmental Research Center (Corvallis, Or.); United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Development.
Title Ser Add Ent Research reporting series. Environmental protection technology ; EPA-660/2-75-004.
PUB Date Free Form 1975
Series Title Traced Environmental protection technology series ; EPA-660/2-75-004
Series Title Untraced Environmental protection technology series ; EPA-660/2-75-004
NTIS Prices PC A10/MF A01
BIB Level m
Medium unmediated
Content text
Carrier volume
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20170919051037
Language eng
SUDOCS Number EP 1.23/2:660/2-75-004
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 02110cam 2200481Ii 45010