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Main Title Environmental characterization of geokinetics' in-situ oil shale retorting technology /
Author Rinaldi, G. M. ; Delaney, J. L. ; Hedley., W. H.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Delaney, J. L.
Hedley, W. H.
CORP Author Monsanto Research Corp., Dayton, OH.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab.-Cincinnati, OH.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1981
Report Number EPA/600/7-81/021; MRC-DA-989-1; EPA-68-03-2550
Stock Number PB81-163727
Subjects Air--Pollution ; Oil-shales ; Water--Pollution
Additional Subjects Oil shale ; In situ combustion ; Air pollution ; Water pollution ; Sampling ; Technology ; Industrial wastes ; Combustion products ; Incinerators ; Evaporation ; Ponds ; Hydrocarbons ; Carbon monoxide ; Arsine ; Ammonia ; Hydrogen cyanide ; Bioassay ; Toxicity ; Nitrogen oxides ; Sulfur ; Particles ; Trace elements ; Sites ; Design criteria ; Air pollution sampling ; In-situ retorting ; Mist eliminators ; Fugitive emissions
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB81-163727 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 81 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
Abstract Air emissions and water effluents from true in-situ oil shale retorting were physically, chemically and biologically characterized by sampling of Geokinetics Retort No. 17, a pilot-scale unit which produced 30 barrels of crude shale oil per day during testing from July 16 to July 26, 1979. The potential pollution sources tested were the retort off-gases before and after mist elimination, exhaust from thermal incineration of the demister outlet gases, fugitive gas seepage through the retort surface and around well castings, retort water after oil separation, and evaporation pond water. The three stack gas streams were analyzed for ammonia, arsine, carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, hydrogen cyanide, oxides of nitrogen and sulfur, particulate matter, and trace elements. Hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide were quantified in the fugitive emissions samples. Water quality parameters, organic priority pollutants, and trace elements were measured in the two water samples. Selected air and water pollution samples were tested for biological activity, using the Ames mutagenicity assay, the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) clonal toxicity assay, and the rabbit alveolar macrophage (RAM) cytotoxicity assay.
Notes Microfiche;
Place Published Cincinnati, OH :
Corporate Au Added Ent United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Development.
PUB Date Free Form 1981.
Series Title Untraced EPA 600/7-81-021.
NTIS Prices PC A05/MF A01
BIB Level m
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20020122124324
Language eng
Origin NTIS
OCLC Rec Leader 01078nam 2200289Ka 45020