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Main Title The Economics of ground freezing for management of uncontrolled hazardous waste sites /
Author Sullivan, John M. ; Lynch, D. R. ; Iskandar, I. K.
CORP Author Thayer School of Engineering, Hanover, NH. ;Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab., Hanover, NH.;Municipal Environmental Research Lab.-Cincinnati, OH.
Publisher Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1984
Report Number EPA-600/D-84-270
Stock Number PB85-121127
OCLC Number 18174001
Subjects Hazardous waste treatment facilities--Costs.
Additional Subjects Cost analysis ; Hazardous materials ; Waste disposal ; Containment ; Underground storage ; Freezing ; Drilling ; Piping systems ; Refrigerators ; Operating costs ; Maintenance ; Expenses ; Comparison ; Barriers ; Construction
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELBD RPS EPA 600-D-84-270 repository copy AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 09/01/2020
NTIS  PB85-121127 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation v, 31 pages ; 28 cm
Abstract Ground freezing for hazardous waste containment is an alternative to the traditional and expensive slurry wall or grout curtain barrier technologies. The parameters quantified in this analysis of it include thermal properties, refrigeration line spacing, equipment mobilization and freezing time constraints. The economics of the process is discussed based on the Poetsch method for ground freezing. Vertical drill holes with concentric refrigeration lines are spaced along the desired freezing line. Temperature-measuring instrumentation is appropriately placed to monitor the progress of the freeze front. Plotting costs for equipment rental, drill expenses, fuel costs and time as a function of refrigeration line spacing produces an overall expense estimate that can be used to compare ground freezing with other barrier construction technologies.
Notes Includes bibliographical references (pages 29-31). "October 1984." "IAG No. DW96930180-01."
Place Published Cincinnati, Ohio
Supplementary Notes Prepared in cooperation with Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab., Hanover, NH.
Corporate Au Added Ent Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory.
PUB Date Free Form 1984
NTIS Prices PC A03/MF A01
BIB Level m
Medium unmediated
Content text
Carrier volume
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20200829093515
Language eng
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 01500cam 2200361Ka 45010