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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Predation of a Spawning Atherinid Fish, 'Menidia menidia', by Avian and Aquatic Predators.
Author Takita, T. ; Middaugh, D. P. ; Dean, J. M. ;
CORP Author South Carolina Univ., Columbia. Belle W. Baruch Inst. for Marine Biology and Coastal Research. ;Nagasaki Univ. (Japan).;Environmental Research Lab., Gulf Breeze, FL.
Year Published 1984
Report Number CONTRIB-531; EPA/600/J-84/266;
Stock Number PB85-193043
Additional Subjects Marine fishes ; Birds ; Estuaries ; Flight ; Observation ; Food habits ; Animal migrations ; Animal behavior ; Florida ; Menidia menidia ; Atlantic silverside fish ; Predation ; Egretta thula ; Snowy egrets ; Casmerodius albus ; Great egrets
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB85-193043 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/21/1988
Collation 10p
Abstract Predation of Atlantic silversides was observed during spawning runs in the intertidal zone of the North Edisto River estuary, South Carolina. Snowy egrets, Egretta thula, and Great egrets, Casmerodius albus, were the dominant avian predators. Snowy egrets often caught M. menidia while making frequent low flights, and also while wading at the water's edge. Individual Snowy egrets remained unsatiated after consuming up to 21 M. menidia. Great egrets always struck at M. menidia from a standing position. One individual was satiated after consuming 114 M. menidia in approximately 90 minutes.
Supplementary Notes Prepared in cooperation with Nagasaki Univ. (Japan). Also pub. as Environmental Research Lab., Gulf Breeze, FL. CONTRIB-465.
Availability Notes Pub. in Japanese Journal of Ecology 34, n4 p431-437 Dec 84.
NTIS Title Notes Journal article.
PUB Date Free Form c1984
Category Codes 8A; 47D
NTIS Prices Not available NTIS
Primary Description 600/04
Document Type NT
Cataloging Source NTIS/MT
Control Number 519921719
Origin NTIS
Type CAT