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Main Title Energy requirements for municipal pollution control facilities /
Author Wesner, G. M.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Evans, Francis L.
CORP Author Culp, Wesner, Culp-Clean Water Consultants, Santa Ana, Calif.;Municipal Environmental Research Lab., Cincinnati, Ohio. Wastewater Research Div.
Publisher Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1977
Report Number EPA-600/2-77-214; EPA-68-03-2186
Stock Number PB-276 989
OCLC Number 04477090
Subjects Energy consumption. ; Gas as fuel. ; Energy consumption. ; Gas as fuel.
Additional Subjects Sewage treatment ; Energy requirements ; Heat treatment ; Anaerobic process ; Sludges ; Cost analysis ; Materials recovery ; Internal combustion engines ; Fuels ; Byproducts ; Utilization ; Electric power generation ; Heat recovery ; Filtration ; Carbon ; Adsorption ; Gas production ; Energy consumption ; Energy use ; Heat consumption ; Digester gas
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-77-214 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 10/25/2011
EJBD  EPA 600-2-77-214 c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/26/2014
ELBD  EPA 600-2-77-214 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 01/31/1997
ESAD  EPA 600-2-77-214 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-276 989 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 72 p. ; 28 cm.
Abstract This report presents information on energy requirements in municipal pollution control facilities for several major areas of interest. (1) Pumping energy for filtration and granular carbon adsorption of secondary effluent - Pumping requirements are developed for all elements of the filtration process including: (a) main stream, (b) backwash, (c) surface wash, (d) wash water return, and (e) chemical feed. (2) Heat requirements - Estimated heat requirements are developed for: (a) Building heat. For three cities, heating requirements are presented as a function of plant capacity. (b) Anaerobic digestion. Heat requirements for anaerobic digestion at 95F in standard and high rate digesters are given as a function of influent sludge temperature. (c) Heat treatment of sludges. Fuel requirements as a function of thermal treatment capacity are presented for both heat conditioning prior to dewatering and for oxidation prior to ultimate disposal. (3) Utilization of anaerobic digester gas - Cost estimates are presented for cleaning and storing digester gas, and for use as fuel in internal combustion engines that are coupled to pumps, blowers or electrical generators. (4) Secondary energy requirements - Estimations are made for off-site production of some of the consumables used in wastewater treatment processes.
Notes PB 276 989. November 1977. Contract no. 68-03-2186 by Culp/Wesner/Culp. Includes bibliographical references (p. 70-71).
Place Published Cincinnati
Corporate Au Added Ent United States. Environmental Protection Agency.; Culp/Wesner/Culp.
Title Ser Add Ent Research reporting series. Environmental protection technology ; EPA-600/2-77-214.
PUB Date Free Form 1977
Series Title Untraced Environmental protection technology series ; EPA-600/2-77-214
NTIS Prices PC A05/MF A01
BIB Level m
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
Merged OCLC records 84250162
OCLC Time Stamp 20140318123419
Language eng
SUDOCS Number EP 1.23/2:600/2-77-214
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 01596cam 2200397Ii 45020