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Main Title Reviews of the Environmental Effects of Pollutants. IX. Fluoride.
Author Drury, J. S. ; Ensminger, J. T. ; Hammons, A. S. ; Holleman, J. W. ; Lewis, E. B. ;
CORP Author Oak Ridge National Lab., TN.;Department of Energy, Washington, DC.
Year Published 1980
Report Number W-7405-ENG-26; 78-050;
Stock Number ORNL/EIS-85
Additional Subjects Fluorides ; Chemical properties ; Environmental effects ; Environmental transport ; Health hazards ; Metabolism ; Physical properties ; Reviews ; Toxicity ; ERDA/560300 ; ERDA/500200 ; ERDA/510200 ; ERDA/520200
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  ORNL/EIS-85 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 458p
Abstract This study is a comprehensive, multidisciplinary review of the health and environmental effects of fluoride on microorganisms, plants, wild and domestic animals, and humans. More than 1000 references are cited. Human intake of fluoride is chiefly through the diet; drinking water is normally the largest single source. Low concentrations of fluoride in water (approximately 1 ppM) benefit mammalian systems, making bone and tooth apatite less soluble, but long-term ingestion of water containing more than 8 ppM fluoride causes fluorosis in humans. Fluoride salts are lethal to humans when ingested in doses of about 3 g or more. At concentrations normally encountered by the general public, fluoride is not teratogenic, mutagenic, or carcinogenic to humans, but chronic fluoride toxicosis of both livestock and wildlife is an important problem in many areas of the United States. The principal manifestations of chronic fluoride toxicosis in livestock are dental fluorosis, osteofluorosis, lameness, and impaired performance. Among domestic animals, dairy cattle are the most sensitive to excessive fluoride exposure. (ERA citation 05:035589)
PUB Date Free Form Sep 80
Category Codes 6T; 6F; 57Y; 68G
NTIS Prices PC A20/MF A01
Document Type NT
Cataloging Source NTIS/MT
Control Number 323701393
Origin NTIS
Type CAT