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Main Title Summary of demonstration methods for extinguishing culm-bank fires /
Author Flegal, R. C. ; Gah, N. J.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Gahr, N. J.
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, N.C. Office of Air and Water Programs.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1973
Report Number APTD-1518
Stock Number PB-222 836
OCLC Number 40765423
Additional Subjects ( Spoil ; Fire fighting) ; ( Coal mines ; Spoil) ; Sealing ; Grouting ; Hydraulic equipment ; Cost estimates ; Air pollution ; Mine wastes ; Culm bank fires
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EKBD  EPA/APTD-1518 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 02/12/1999
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA APTD-1518 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ESAD  APTD-1518 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-222 836 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation viii, 46 p. ; 27 cm.
Abstract Sealing, grouting, and mechanical-hydraulic methods of extinguishing burning coal-refuse banks were evaluated through 15 demonstration grants in three states of the Appalachian region of the United States. The primary purpose of the demonstration grant program was to evaluate various techniques for extinguishing culm-bank fires. Both effectiveness and unit cost were major considerations in the evaluation. Mechanical-hydraulic methods were the most successful procedures used in terms of effectiveness and economy. These methods, however, require large quantities of water and a large disposal area--requirements that are not always present at burning culm-bank sites. The wide diversity of coal-refuse-bank sizes, shapes, compositions, and locations makes selection of a universally recommended control method impossible. (Modified author abstract)
Notes "July 1973." Includes bibliographical references (p. 11). "APTD-1518." PB-222 836.
Place Published Research Triangle Park, N.C.
Corporate Au Added Ent United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.
PUB Date Free Form 1973
NTIS Prices PC E02/MF A01
BIB Level m
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20120828110915
Language eng
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 00987cam 2200277Ka 45020