||Sources of lead in soil : a literature review : final report /
||Battelle Memorial Institute.
|| United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics ;
||EPA 747-R-98-001A; EPA 747-R-98-001B
Lead--Environmental aspects. ;
Toxic substances ;
Risk assessment ;
Health effects ;
Urban areas ;
Compliance standards ;
United States ;
Literature reviews ;
Lead based paints
||OCSPP Chemical Library/Washington,DC
||repository copies, v.1-2
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||2 volumes : illustrations ; 28 cm
||Title X of the Housing and Community Development Act, known as the Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction Act of 1992, contains legislation designed to evaluate and reduce exposures to lead in paint, dust, and soil in the nation's housing. As amended in Title X, Section 403 of Title IV of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), EPA is required to promulgate regulations which shall identify, for the purposes of this title and the Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazards Reduction Act of 1992, lead-based paint hazards, lead-contaminated dust, and lead-contaminated soil. Integral to the development of the Section 403 mandated standards (especially for soil) is information on the sources, extent, and geographic breadth of elevated lead contamination of soil (elevated because lead is naturally present in soil in many geographic regions). Such information provides perspective when considering what level of lead in soil will be defined as hazardous, and is suggestive of the potential efficacy of some interventions prompted by promulgation of the standards. The purpose of the study summarized in this report was to search and review the scientific literature on the sources of elevated soil-lead concentrations.
||EPA 747-R-98-001 a, b. "February 1998"--V. , "June 1996"--v. 2.
||Vol. [1. Technical summary] -- v. 2. Study abstracts. In general, elevated concentrations of lead in soil are though to stem from one or more of three sources: lead-based paint on exterior walls, leaded-gasoline emissions, or through proximity to a point source emitter such as smelters, mine tailings, and refuse dumps. Literature searches were conducted and their results reviewed to determine the evidence, cited in the available literature, that specific sources were responsible for the elevated levels. These reviews focused on studies assessing the responsible sources, and documented the types of evidence utilized to support the assertion.
||Washington, D.C. Office of Prevention, Pesticides, and Toxic Substances,
||Sponsored by Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Pollution, Prevention, and Toxics.
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|Corporate Au Added Ent
||Battelle Memorial Institute.; United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Prevention, Pestcides, and Toxic Substances.
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