||Ecological and Nonhuman Biological Effects of Solar UV-B Radiation.
Worrest, R. C. ;
||Oregon State Univ., Corvallis. Dept. of General Science.;Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR.
Solar radiation ;
Ultraviolet radiation ;
Plant ecology ;
Biological stress ;
Environmental effects ;
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||Recent studies regarding the impact of UV-B radiation upon ecological and nonhuman biological systems is the subject of the report. For years scientists and laymen alike have causally noted the impact of solar ultraviolet radiation upon the non-human component of the biosphere. Stratospheric ozone functions effectively as an ultraviolet screen by filtering out solar radiation in the 220-320 nm waveband as it penetrates through the atmosphere, thus allowing only small amounts of the longer wavelengths of radiation in the waveband to leak through to the surface of the earth. Although this radiation (UV-B radiation, 290-320 nm) comprises only a small fraction (lesser tha 1%) of the total solar spectrum, it can have a major impact on biological systems due to its actinic nature. Many organic molecules, most notably DNA, absorb UV-B radiation which can initiate photochemical reactions. It is life's ability, or lack thereof, to cope with enhanced levels of solar UV-B radiation that has generated concern over the potential depletion of stratospheric ozone. (Copyright (c) Indo-US Workshop on Global Ozone Problem January 11-20, 1983, New Delhi Proceedings 197-212, 1984.)
||Pub. in Proceedings of Indo-U.S. Workshop on Global Ozone Problem, New Delhi, India, January 11-20, 1983, p197-212 1984. Sponsored by Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR.
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||PC A03/MF A01