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Main Title Development of a fate/toxicity screening test /
Author Walker, William W. ; Walker, W. W.
CORP Author Gulf Coast Research Lab., Ocean Springs, MS.;Environmental Research Lab., Gulf Breeze, FL.
Publisher Environmental Research Laboratory,
Year Published 1984
Report Number EPA/600/4-84/074
Stock Number PB84-246370
OCLC Number 1097555375
Subjects Toxicity testing--Research ; Hazardous substances--Testing--Research ; Biodegradation--Testing ; Toxicology, Experimental
Additional Subjects Toxicity ; Degradation ; Reaction kinetics ; Experimental design ; Pesticides ; Environmental surveys ; Tests ; Sediments ; Water ; Half life ; Sampling ; Sites ; Parathion/methyl ; Bolero ; Bravo ; Dimilin ; Dursban ; Endosulfan ; Hoelon ; Benzene/pentachloro ; Phorate ; Trifluralin ; Phthalic acid/(dibutyl-ester)
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EKCD  EPA-600/4-84-074 CEMM/GEMMD Library/Gulf Breeze,FL 04/23/2019
NTIS  PB84-246370 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation vii, 30 pages ; 28 cm
Abstract A shake-flask screening test was designed to rapidly evaluate the relative degradation rates of a wide spectrum of chemicals, each compared to methyl parathion. Test chemicals evaluated were bolero, bravo, dibutylphthalate, dimilin, dursban, endosulfan, hoelon, pentachlorobenzene, phorate, and trifluralin. Diverse regimes of salinity, pH, TOC, and microbial biomass were encountered across space and time. The experimental design for the screening test embodies four treatments: active sediment, sterile sediment, active water and sterile water. Decay curves were produced and rate constants and half-life values determined. Half-life values for the 10 chemicals evaluated varied substantially with time and geographic sampling site. In active systems, 8 of the 10 chemicals degraded more rapidly than methyl parathion. Nine dibutylphthalate screens were run involving six geographic sites. Disappearance was quite rapid in active treatments in all screens. Disappearance curves describing DBP abatement either: (1) appeared to be substrate dependent with the rate of degradation decreasing as DBP was depleted; (2) appeared independent of substrate concentration; or (3) reflected a marked increase in degradation rate during the screening period.
Notes "Cooperative Agreement CR809797-01."
Place Published Gulf Breeze, Fla.
Corporate Au Added Ent United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Development.; Environmental Research Laboratory (Gulf Breeze, Fla.)
PUB Date Free Form 1984
BIB Level m
Medium unmediated
Content text
Carrier volume
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20190418051313
Language eng
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 01340cam 2200361Ia 45010