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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Feasibility of ultrasonic and other methods for direct measurement of condenser biofouling {microform} /
Author Reeves, C. Richard. ; Seames, W. S. ; Winton, S. L.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Seames, Wayne S.
Winton, Steve L.
CORP Author Radian Corp., Austin, TX.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory,
Year Published 1984
Report Number EPA/600/7-84/062; EPA-68-02-3171
Stock Number PB84-207067
Subjects Electric utilities--Environmental aspects--United States
Additional Subjects Electric power generation ; Ultrasonic frequencies ; Feasibility studies ; Fouling ; Biofouling ; Biodeterioration ; Water pollution effects(Animals)
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB84-207067 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation 97 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Abstract The report gives results of a literature review and laboratory studies of the potential of ultrasonic and other methods for in-situ measurement of biofouling on heat transfer surfaces (e.g., tubes) of electric utility steam condensers. Detection of the presence of biofouling in steam condensers is important for maintaining maximum heat transfer efficiency and minimizing the addition of chlorine (used to control biofouling) to meet discharge regulations. Literature relating to current industrial practices and research underway was searched to develop indirect and in-situ methods of biofouling measurement. Most methods are not sensitive enough to detect biofouling in its early stages, when it is easiest to control. A preliminary assessment indicated that this shortcoming might be avoided, using ultrasonics. An evaluation of the sensitivity of ultrasonic methods for this application confirmed the possible feasibility of this approach, but a number of questions were raised because of the lack of testing with the specific equipment needed, as well as the lack of acoustic property data on biofouling.
Notes Caption title. "May 1984." "EPA-600/7-84-062." Microform.
Place Published Research Triangle Park, NC :
Corporate Au Added Ent Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory (Research Triangle Park, N.C.)
PUB Date Free Form 1984.
NTIS Prices PC A05/MF A01
BIB Level m
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20011203141454
Language eng
Origin NTIS
OCLC Rec Leader 01193nam 2200289Ka 45020