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Main Title Laboratory assessment of potential hydrocarbon emissions from land treatment of refinery oily sludges /
Author Wetherold, R. G. ; Randall, J. L. ; Williams, K. R.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Randall, J. L.
Williams, K. R.
CORP Author American Petroleum Inst., Washington, DC. ;Radian Corp., Austin, TX.;Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Lab., Ada, OK.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory,
Year Published 1984
Report Number EPA 600/2-84-108; EPA-R-807629
Stock Number PB84-209766
OCLC Number 34770298
Subjects Petroleum--United States--Refining ; Air--Pollution--United States--Measurement ; Hydrocarbons
Additional Subjects Solid waste disposal ; Hydrocarbons ; Sludge disposal ; Refineries ; Air pollution ; Soils ; Assessments ; Laboratory equipment ; Industrial wastes ; Petroleum industry ; Hazardous materials ; Comparison ; Concentration(Composition) ; Temperature ; Vaporizing ; Wind velocity ; Land disposal ; Volatile organic compounds
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EMBD  EPA/600/2-84/108 NRMRL/GWERD Library/Ada,OK 05/24/1996
ERAD  EPA 600/2-84-108 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 10/09/2012
NTIS  PB84-209766 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation viii, 111 p. ; 28 cm.
Abstract Volatile organics emissions were characterized when petroleum refinery oily sludges were incorporated in soils under controlled laboratory conditions. The sludges tested included three of the five listed hazardous wastes for the refining industry: dissolved air flotation float, slop oil emulsion solids, and API separator sludge. The volatile components of the sludges were first identified. Then the effects of the following operating conditions on volatile emissions were studied: air temperature and humidity, wind speed, soil type, temperature and moisture, sludge loading and volatility, and method of waste application. The volatile components identified in the sludge were also present in the emissions from the soil-waste mixtures. The quantity of emissions were most affected by the sludge volatility, sludge loading, application method, and atmospheric humidity, and the cumulative emissions at a given period of time could be correlated with these operational variables. The emission rate or level was not significantly affected by soil type or soil moisture. An expression for estimating the rate of emissions as a function of elapsed time after application could not be developed from the data. While every effort was made to simulate actual land treatment conditions, it is not possible to directly apply these laboratory findings to predict full-scale results.
Notes "June 1984." "Cooperative Agreement No. CR807629." "PB84-209766." "Reproduced by National Technical Information Service."
Place Published Ada, OK
Supplementary Notes Prepared in cooperation with Radian Corp., Austin, TX.
Corporate Au Added Ent Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory.
PUB Date Free Form 1984
NTIS Prices PC A06/MF A01
BIB Level m
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20121004170026
Language eng
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 01184cam 2200325Ka 45020