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Main Title Applicability of Land Treatment of Wastewater in the Great Lakes Area Basin: Effectiveness of Sandy Soils at Muskegon County, Michigan, for Renovating Wastewater.
Author Ellis, B. G. ; Erickson, A. E. ; Wolcott, A. R. ; Knezek, B. D. ; Tiedje, J. M. ;
CORP Author Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.;Environmental Protection Agency, Chicago, IL. Great Lakes National Program Office.;Michigan Dept. of Natural Resources, Lansing. Water Resources Commission.
Year Published 1979
Report Number EPA-G-005104; EPA/905/9-79/006B ; EPA/MCD-55
Stock Number PB-299 602
Additional Subjects Irrigation ; Sewage treatment ; Corn plants ; Lagoons(Ponds) ; Waste water reuse ; Nutrients ; Metals ; Soil properties ; Concentration(Composition) ; Soil texture ; Effectiveness ; Removal ; Trace elements ; Michigan ; Muskegon County(Michigan) ; Land application ; Heavy metals ; Sewage irrigation
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-299 602 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 186p
Abstract The Muskegon County Wastewater Management System is a lagoon impoundment, spray irrigation facility which treats about 102,000 cubic meters of wastewater per day and irrigates 2,160 hectares of corn land. About 60% of the flow is industrial. Data was collected over a three year period to determine the changes from background conditions of the native infertile sandy soil as wastewater was irrigated and crops grown. Data analyzed include major crop nutrient elements and heavy metals, the soil physical properties and electron capturing organic chemical species. The knowledge gained was used to estimate the useful life of the system for removing critical contaminants such as phosphorus and metals relative to the amounts of contaminants and wastewater applied. With proper management phosphorus can be removed by soils and crops for at least fifty years. Removals of trace organics from the wastewater occurred in storage lagoons and as the water passed through the soil mantle, however, with partial pass through of certain organics occurring when the wastewater application rate was excessive. This system apparently became more effective with time in removing many of these trace organic chemicals.
Supplementary Notes See also report dated May 79, PB-299 657. Sponsored in part by Michigan Dept. of Natural Resources, Lansing. Water Resources Commission.
NTIS Title Notes Final rept. Apr 72-Jun 76.
PUB Date Free Form May 79
Category Codes 2C; 2D; 13B; 98C; 98D; 68D
NTIS Prices PC A09/MF A01
Primary Description 905/00
Document Type NT
Cataloging Source NTIS/MT
Control Number 323767713
Origin NTIS
Type CAT