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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Chemical technology and economics in environmental perspectives. Task 1 Technical alternatives to selected chlorofluorocarbon uses.
Author Gruntfest, Irving J. ; Lapp, Thomas W. ; Hennon, G. Joe ; Gadberry, Howard M. ; Smith, Ivan C. ; Lawrence., Kathryn
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Gruntfest, Irving J.
CORP Author Midwest Research Institute
Publisher Prepared for Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA-560/1-76-002; EPA-68-01-3201
Stock Number PB-251 146
OCLC Number 11526729
Subjects Environmental chemistry. ; Chlorofluorocarbons.
Additional Subjects Environmental chemistry ; Chlorofluorocarbons ; Fluorohydrocarbons ; Environmental impacts ; Air pollution ; Economics ; Dichlorodifluoromethane ; Aerosols ; Refrigerants ; Blowing agents ; Foaming agents ; Cleaning agents ; Chemical properties ; Polyurethanes ; Solvents ; Desiccants ; Ozone ; Atmospheric chemistry ; Hazardous materials ; Air conditioning ; Propellants ; Cellular plastics ; Stratosphere ; Methane/chloro-trifluoro ; Ethane/trichloro-trifluoro ; Freons
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 560-1-76-002 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/04/2014
EJBD  EPA 560-1-76-002 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 04/29/2015
EKBD  EPA-560/1-76-002 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 08/29/2017
ESAD  EPA 560-1-76-002 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-251 146 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation 223 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to identify technically feasible substitute chemicals and/or alternative methods of delivering the goods and services presently provided through the use of the five commercial chlorofluorocarbons FC-11, -12, -13, -113, and -114. This study did not involve an assessment of the risks associated with environmental discharge of these chemicals. For the purposes of this study, recovery and/or recycling were not to be considered as eligible alternatives. Four categories currently account for 99% of the usage of these compounds. These areas are: refrigeration and air conditioning, aerosol propellants, plastic foam blowing agents, and cleaning and drying applications. In addition to these four areas, the Rankine Cycle engine was considered as it appears to have potential for expanding future consumption of chlorofluorocarbons. Limited evaluations were made on the direct economic consequences which could result from a reduction or elimination of chlorofluorocarbon consumption in each of the current use areas.
Notes "February 1976." Includes bibliographical references.
Place Published Washington, D.C.
Corporate Au Added Ent Midwest Research Institute (Kansas City, Mo.)
Title Ser Add Ent U.S. EPA-560/1-76-002.; PB 251-146.
PUB Date Free Form 1976
Series Title Traced U.S. EPA-560/1-76-002 PB 251-146
Series Title Untraced U.S. EPA-560/1-76-002\ PB 251-146
NTIS Prices PC A11/MF A01
BIB Level m
Document Type BC
Medium unmediated
Content text
Carrier volume
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20170828055242
Language eng
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 01668cam 2200481Ia 45010