||Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Contents; Preface; Author; Chapter 1 Introduction; 1.1 Definition and Objectives; 1.2 Physics and Techniques of Optical Remote Sensing; 1.3 Optical Oceanography: State of Science; 1.4 Optical Data Acquisition and Analysis; Bibliography; Chapter 2 Ocean Hydrodynamics; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Elements of Fluid Dynamics; 2.2.1 Fluid Classicatfiion; 2.2.2 Fluid Flow; 2.2.3 Basic Equations of Fluid Dynamics; 2.2.4 Computational Fluid Dynamics; 2.2.5 Important Results of Fluid Dynamics; 2.2.6 Notes on the Literature; References to Section 2.2; 2.3 Waves 2.3.1 Introduction2.3.2 Surface Waves; 188.8.131.52 Deterministic Theory; 184.108.40.206 Stochastic Theory; 220.127.116.11 Wind-Wave Similarity Concept; 18.104.22.168 Wave Kinetic Equation; 2.3.3 Internal Waves; 22.214.171.124 A Brief History; 126.96.36.199 Basic Description; 188.8.131.52 Basic Mechanisms; 184.108.40.206 Surface Manifestations; 220.127.116.11 A Concluded Note; 2.3.4 Tsunami; 18.104.22.168 Accessibility of Wave Theories to Tsunami; 22.214.171.124 Tsunami Wave Parameters; 126.96.36.199 A Concluding Note; 2.3.5 Notes on the Literature; References to Section 2.3; 2.4 Currents and Circulation; 2.4.1 Surface Currents; 2.4.2 Deep Ocean Circulation 2.4.3 Ocean Currents from SpaceReferences to Section 2.4; 2.5 Interactions; 2.5.1 Wave-Wave Interactions; 2.5.2 Wave-Current Interaction; 2.5.3 Surface-Internal Wave Interaction; References to Section 2.5; 2.6 Turbulence; 2.6.1 Introduction; 2.6.2 Kolmogorov Law; 2.6.3 Weak Turbulence; 2.6.4 Strong Turbulence; 2.6.5 Wake Turbulence (Turbulent Wake); References to Section 2.6; 2.7 Instabilities; References to Section 2.7; 2.8 Wave Breaking; 2.8.1 Introduction; 2.8.2 Hydrodynamic Characterization; 2.8.3 Spectral Characterization; References to Section 2.8; 2.9 Hydrodynamics of Explosion 2.9.1 Basic Characterization2.9.2 Sequence of Events; 2.9.3 Surface Displacement; 2.9.4 Bubble Motion; 2.9.5 Concluded Note; References to Section 2.9; 2.10 Summary; Chapter 3 Fundamentals of Ocean Optics; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Optical Fields and Quantities; 3.2.1 Maxwell Equations; 3.2.2 The Wave Equation, the Velocity of Light, and the Propagation Constant; 3.2.3 From Maxwell Equations to Geometrical Optics; 3.2.4 Light Propagation in Scattering Media; 3.3 Radiometry, Photometry, and Quantities; 3.4 The Radiative Transfer Equation; 3.5 Optical Properties of Water 3.5.1 The Index of Refraction3.5.2 Absorption; 3.5.3 Scattering; 3.5.4 Albedo; 3.5.5 Radiance and Reflectance; 3.6 Polarization; 3.6.1 The Polarization Ellipse; 3.6.2 The Stokes Polarization Parameters; 3.6.3 The Mueller Matrix; 3.6.4 Optical Polarimetry and Remote Sensing; 3.7 Propagation in Atmosphere; 3.7.1 Elements of Atmospheric Optics; 3.7.2 Atmospheric Turbulence; 3.7.3 Imaging through Turbulence; 3.8 Summary; References; Chapter 4 Optical Remote Sensing Technologies; 4.1 I ntroduction; 4.2 Optical Payload Classification; 4.2.1 Aerial Photography; 4.2.2 Imaging Spectroscopy Optical Remote Sensing is one of the main technologies used in sea surface monitoring. Optical Remote Sensing of Ocean Hydrodynamics investigates and demonstrates capabilities of optical remote sensing technology for enhanced observations and detection of ocean environments. It provides extensive knowledge of physical principles and capabilities of optical observations of the oceans at high spatial resolution, 1-4m, and on the observations of surface wave hydrodynamic processes. It also describes the implementation of spectral-statistical and fusion algorithms for analyses of multispectral optical databases and establishes physics-based criteria for detection of complex wave phenomena and hydrodynamic disturbances including assessment and management of optical databases. This book explains the physical principles of high-resolution optical imagery of the ocean surface, discusses for the first time the capabilities of observing hydrodynamic processes and events, and emphasizes the integration of optical measurements and enhanced data analysis. It also covers both the assessment and the interpretation of dynamic multispectral optical databases and includes applications for advanced studies and nonacoustic detection. This book is an invaluable resource for researches, industry professionals, engineers, and students working on cross-disciplinary problems in ocean hydrodynamics, optical remote sensing of the ocean and sea surface remote sensing. Readers in the fields of geosciences and remote sensing, applied physics, oceanography, satellite observation technology, and optical engineering will learn the theory and practice of optical interactions with the ocean.