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Main Title Demonstration of packaging materials alternatives to expanded polystyrene /
Author Menke, Dean M.
CORP Author Tennessee Univ., Knoxville. Center for Clean Products and Clean Technologies.;National Risk Management Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH.
Publisher National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1998
Report Number EPA/600/R-98/045; EPA-R-821848-01-0
Stock Number PB99-104705
Subjects Cushioning materials--Evaluation ; Packaging waste--Environmental aspects ; Styrene--Environmental aspects
Additional Subjects Packaging materials ; Polystyrene ; Packaging ; Containers ; Plastics ; Foam ; Recycling ; Cushioning materials ; Drop tests ; Alternatives ; Assessments ; Expanded polystyrene ; Corrugated pads
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB99-104705 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation x, 80, [9] pages : illustrations
Abstract The report presents information on the environmental, economical, and performance characteristics of alternative packaging materials. Three 'alternative' cushioning materials were identified for evaluation within this research; starch-based foam planks, layered corrugated pads, and recycled polyethylene foam. Through some have been used as cushioning materials for some time, these materials are termed 'alternative' because each offers unique features beyond their cushioning capabilities. These unique features include their manufacture from recycled materials, biodegradability, water solubility, recyclability, and reusability. The properties and cushioning characteristics of expanded polystyrene (EPS) represent the baseline for this research; evaluation results for each material are compared against those of EPS. Technical, environmental, and economic evaluations were completed to assess various characteristics and parameters concerning the cushioning materials.
Notes Shipping list no.: 98-0973-M. "April 1998." Includes bibliographical references (pages 76-80). "EPA/600/R-98/045." "Funded wholly by the United States Environmental Protection Agency under cooperative agreement CR821848 to the University of Tennessee's Center for Clean Products and Clean Technologies"--Page ii. Microfiche.
Place Published Cincinnati, OH :
Supplementary Notes See also PB95-255741. Sponsored by National Risk Management Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH.
Availability Notes Product reproduced from digital image. Order this product from NTIS by: phone at 1-800-553-NTIS (U.S. customers); (703)605-6000 (other countries); fax at (703)605-6900; and email at orders@ntis.fedworld.gov. NTIS is located at 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA, 22161, USA.
Corporate Au Added Ent National Risk Management Research Laboratory (U.S.) ; University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Center for Clean Products and Clean Technologies.
PUB Date Free Form {1998}
NTIS Prices PC A07/MF A02
BIB Level m
Medium microform
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20000614192152
Language eng
SUDOCS Number EP 1.23/6:600/R-98/045
Origin NTIS
OCLC Rec Leader 01563cam 2200349Ia 45020