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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Alternatives to VOC Emitting Petroleum Based Lubricants and Chlorinated Paraffin Lubricants: Minimizing the Health and Environmental Consequences.
Author J. Zavadil ; K. Wolf ; M. Morris
CORP Author Inst. for Research and Technical Assistance, Glendale, CA.; Environmental Protection Agency, San Francisco, CA. Region IX.
Year Published 2004
Report Number EP-97905301
Stock Number PB2013-100292
Additional Subjects Volatile organic compounds ; Lubricants ; Chlorination ; Paraffins ; Air pollution control ; Alternatives ; Environmental impact ; Health effects ; Kerosene ; Metal industry ; Oils ; Petroleum ; Smog ; Mineral spirits
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB2013-100292 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 11/19/2013
Collation 67p
Abstract There are thousands of manufacturers in the United States that use lubricants in their metal working processes. Independent machine shops manufacture parts for a variety of different types of metal operations. Many companies have captive machine shops that make parts for their production operations. Examples of the types of processes that use lubricants are stamping, honing, deep drawing, forming, cold heading and tube bending. About half of the lubricants used in metal working today are petroleum-based lubricants. Some of these lubricants are so-called vanishing oils. Vanishing oils are relatively high vapor pressure lubricants that are designed to evaporate from the part over a period of time. These oils are classified as Volatile Organic Compounds or VOCs that contribute to photochemical smog. Other lower vapor pressure lubricants are diluted with mineral spirits or kerosene to obtain the desired consistency for the operation being performed. In some cases, suppliers of these lubricants dilute them; in other cases, the companies using the lubricants dilute them as they are used. The mineral spirits or kerosene in these lubricants are classified as VOCs and, like the vanishing oils, they contribute to smog.
Supplementary Notes Sponsored by Environmental Protection Agency, San Francisco, CA. Region IX.
Availability Notes Order this product from NTIS by: phone at 1-800-553-NTIS (U.S. customers); (703)605-6000 (other countries); fax at (703)605-6900; and email at orders@ntis.gov. NTIS is located at 5301 Shawnee Road, Alexandria, VA, 22312, USA.
PUB Date Free Form Nov 2004
Category Codes 68A; 68G; 97K; 71K
NTIS Prices PC A05
Document Type NT
Cataloging Source NTIS/MT
Control Number 120300700
Origin NTIS
Type CAT