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Main Title Refrigerated condensers for control of organic air emissions : technical bulletin /
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Copland, Rick.
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Clean Air Technology Center.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards,
Year Published 2001
Report Number EPA/456-R-01-004
Stock Number PB2002-101828
OCLC Number 48771754
Additional Subjects Air pollution control equipment ; Condensers(Liquefiers) ; Refrigerating machinery ; Absorption refrigeration cycle ; Vapor compression refrigeration cycle ; Brayton cycle ; Cryogenics ; VOC(Volatile organic compounds)
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHAD  EPA/456/R-01-004 Region 1 Library/Boston,MA 05/16/2003
EKBD  EPA-456/R-01-004 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 01/11/2002
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 456-R-01-004 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ERAD  EPA 456/R-01-004 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 03/15/2002
ESAD  EPA 456-R-01-004 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 02/08/2002
NTIS  PB2002-101828 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 1 volume (various pagings) : illustrations ; 28 cm
Abstract This technical Bulletin describes both refrigeration and condensers that together form a control technology for organic emissions. These emissions may result from the evaporation of: Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) that contribute to ozone formation in the troposphere; volatile organic Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAP) that may have a direct impact on our health and safety; or volatile stratospheric ozone depleting compounds. Terms like VOC and HAP are used in regulatory definitions to indicate specific chemical compounds and related emissions that are subject to a rule. The reasons for regulating specific groups of organic compounds may be very different. However, refrigerated condensers can be used to control vapors from most organic emissions that may be included in any of these regulatory definitions. The types of refrigeration discussed are: absorption refrigeration; mechanical compression refrigeration (using sulphur dioxide (SO2), chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFC)); Reverse Brayton Cycle refrigeration; and cryogenic (liquid nitrogen) cooling. This Technical Bulletin also discusses how a condenser operates, advantages and limitations for each type of refrigeration system, safety precautions that should be taken.
Notes Project Officer: Rick Copland. "December 2001." Final Report.--Technical report data sheet. Includes bibliographical references. "EPA/456-R-01-004."
Place Published Research Triangle Park, N.C.
Availability Notes Also available on CD-ROM. Product reproduced from digital image. Order this product from NTIS by: phone at 1-800-553-NTIS (U.S. customers); (703)605-6000 (other countries); fax at (703)605-6900; and email at orders@ntis.gov. NTIS is located at 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA, 22161, USA.
Corporate Au Added Ent Clean Air Technology Center (U.S.)
PUB Date Free Form 2001
NTIS Prices PC A03/MF A01
BIB Level m
Medium unmediated
Content text
Carrier volume
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20150820163959
Language eng
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 01250cam 2200301Ka 45020