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Main Title Alternative onsite wastewater treatment and disposal systems on severely limited sites /
Author Cashell, Margaret M. ; Effert, D. D. ; Morand, J. M.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Effert, David D.
Morand, James M.
CORP Author Cincinnati Center for Small Community Wastewater Systems Studies, OH.;Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Water Engineering Research Lab.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Water Engineering Research Laboratory,
Year Published 1986
Report Number EPA/600/2-86/116; EPA-R-808168
Stock Number PB87-140992
Subjects Land treatment of wastewater--United States
Additional Subjects Water pollution control ; Waste water ; Waste disposal ; Soils ; Waste treatment ; Effluents ; Graphs(Charts)
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB87-140992 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 299 pages ; 28 cm
Abstract Several research and evaluation studies were performed on alternative onsite systems on sites with severe limitations for conventional systems. The major limitations included slow permeability, a seasonally high water table, and limiting soil horizons. Several typical site evaluation techniques were also evaluated, and groundwater contamination was investigated. The studies evaluated systems that rely on the soil for treatment and disposal (including Low Pressure Pipe, alternating soil absorption fields, shallow conventional trenches, gravelless trenches, and mounds) and systems that discharge to surface waters or to the atmosphere (including intermittent sand filters, upflow gravel filters, subsurface gravel beds, and evapotranspiration beds). Studies were performed on full-scale operating systems, scaled-down field systems, or laboratory columns. Alternating soil absorption systems (ASAS) could not be evaluated in these studies, but the use of shallow ASASs could potentially be highly successful. Intermittent sand filters preceded by a septic tank and followed by disinfection, as required, had the highest potential for success for surface discharge.
Notes Caption title. "December 1986." "EPA/600/2-86/116." Microfiche.
Place Published Cincinnati, OH :
Supplementary Notes Sponsored by Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Water Engineering Research Lab.
Corporate Au Added Ent Water Engineering Research Laboratory.
PUB Date Free Form {1986}
NTIS Prices PC A13/MF A01
BIB Level m
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
OCLC Time Stamp 20020114121209
Language eng
Origin NTIS
OCLC Rec Leader 01115nam 2200289Ka 45020