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Main Title Field Studies on USBM and TOSCO II Retorted Oil Shales: Vegetation, Moisture, Salinity, and Runoff, 1977-1980.
Author Kilkelly, M. K. ; Berg, W. A. ; Harbert, III, H. P. ;
CORP Author Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins. Dept. of Agronomy.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab.-Cincinnati, OH.
Year Published 1981
Report Number EPA-R-804719; EPA-600/7-81-139;
Stock Number PB82-109810
Additional Subjects Oil shales ; Vegetation ; Soil stabilization ; Land reclamation ; Field tests ; Salinity ; Runoff ; Soil water ; Solid waste disposal ; Plant growth ; Irrigation ; Leaching ; Water quality ; Piceance Basin ; Colorado ; TOSCO process
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB82-109810 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 120p
Abstract Field studies were initiated in 1973 to investigate the vegetative stabilization of processed oil shales and to follow moisture and soluble salt movement within the soil/shale profile. Research plots with two types of retorted shales (TOSCO II and USBM) with leaching and soil cover treatments were established at two locations: low-elevation (Anvil Points) and high-elevation (Piceance Basin) in western Colorado. Vegetation was established by intensive management including leaching, N and P fertilization, seeding, mulching, and irrigation. After seven growing seasons, a good vegetative cover remained with few differences between treatments, with the exception of the TOSCO retorted shale, south-aspect, which consistently supported less perennial vegetative cover than other treatments. With time, a shift from perennial grasses to dominance by shrubs was observed. Rodent activity on some treatments had a significantly negative effect on vegetative cover.
NTIS Title Notes Final rept..
PUB Date Free Form Aug 81
Category Codes 13B; 8M; 2D; 48B; 98D; 68; 97R
NTIS Prices PC A06/MF A01
Primary Description 600/12
Document Type NT
Cataloging Source NTIS/MT
Control Number 323805717
Origin NTIS
Type CAT