Model and Physics -- Analysis Methodology -- Comparison Between Simulations and Observations -- Surface Rainfall Processes -- Tropical Cloud Clusters -- Cloud Radiative and Microphysical Processes -- Convective, Moist, and Dynamic Vorticity Vectors -- Diurnal Variations of Tropical Oceanic Convection -- Precipitation Efficiency -- Air-Sea Coupling -- Climate Equilibrium States -- Remote Sensing Applications -- Future Perspective of Cloud-Resolving Modeling. This book examines cloud-resolving modeling of tropical convective processes and summarizes modeling results during TOGA COARE since 1992. The book introduces the framework of cloud-resolving model, methodologies for analysis of modeling outputs, and validation of simulations with observations. The book details important scientific findings in the aspects of surface rainfall processes, precipitation efficiency, dynamic and thermodynamic processes associated with tropical convection, diurnal variations, radiative and cloud microphysical processes associated with development of cloud clusters, air-sea coupling on convective scales, climate equilibrium states, and remote sensing applications. The book will be beneficial to graduate students and researchers in cloud, mesoscale and global modeling. Shouting Gao is a professor at the Laboratory of Cloud-Precipitation Physics and Severe Storm, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. He has a doctorate and a master's degree in meteorology from the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Beijing, China. Xiaofan Li is a physical scientist at the Center for Satellite Applications, National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Services, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Camp Springs, Maryland. He has a doctorate in meteorology from the University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu and a master's degree in meteorology from Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, China.