Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog
RECORD NUMBER: 695 OF 3083
|OLS Field Name||OLS Field Data|
|Main Title||Economic analysis for the proposed Section 316(b) rule for Phase III facilities.|
|CORP Author||Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Water.|
|Publisher||U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,|
|Report Number||EPA 821-R-04-016|
|Subjects||Steam power plants--Cooling--United States. ; Hydrothermal electric power systems. ; Thermal pollution of rivers, lakes, etc.--United States.|
|Additional Subjects||Performance requirements ; Regulations ; Environmental impact analysis ; Tables (Data) ; Economic analysis ; Facilities management ; Entrainment ; Impingement ; Cooling systems ; Heat exchangers ; Manufacturers ; Electric power Industry ; Offshore Energy Sources ; Phase III Facilities ; Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ; Clean Water Act (CWA) ; Cooling water intake structures (CWIS) ; Best technology available (BTA) ; Adverse environmental impact (AEI)|
|Collation|| p. : ill., map ; 28 cm.|
EPA is proposing regulations implementing section 316(b) of the Clean Water Act (CWA). This regulation is the third in a series of rulemaking actions under CWA section 316(b), addressing the environmental impacts of cooling water intake structures (CWIS). The Proposed Section 316(b) Rule for Phase III Facilities would establish national performance requirements for the location, design, construction, and capacity of CWIS at facilities subject to this regulation. The proposed national requirements would establish the best technology available (BTA) to minimize the adverse environmental impact (AEI) associated with the use of these structures. CWIS may cause AEI through several means, including Impingement (where fish and other aquatic life are trapped on equipment at the entrance to CWIS) and entrainment (where aquatic organisms, eggs, and larvae are taken into the cooling system, passed through the heat exchanger, and then discharged back into the source water body).
"EPA 821-R-04-016." "November 2004." "Office of Water." Includes bibliographical references.
Background information -- Introduction -- Need for the regulation -- Economic analysis for Phase III existing facilities -- Summary of cost categories and key analysis elements -- Profile of manufacturers -- Paper and allied products -- Chemicals and allied products -- Petroleum refining -- Steel -- Aluminum -- Facilities in other industries (various SICs) -- Economic impact analysis for manufacturers -- Profile of the electric power industry -- Economic impact analysis for electric generators -- Economic analysis for Phase III new offshore oil and gas extraction facilities -- Summary of cost categories and key analysis elements for new offshore oil & gas extraction facilities -- Profile of the offshore and oil and gas extraction industry -- Economic impact analysis for the offshore and oil and gas extraction industry -- Additional economic analyses for existing and new facilities -- Regulatory flexibility analysis -- UMRA Analysis -- Other administrative requirements -- Social costs, benefits, and benefit cost-analysis for existing and new facilities -- Summary of benefits -- Comparison of benefits and social costs.