Science, technology and innovation indicators: the context of change / Fred Gault -- The science of science and innovation policy / John Marburger -- Developments in EU statistics on science, technology and innovation: taking stock and moving closer to evidence-based policy analysis / Reinhilde Veugelers -- Innovation survey indicators: what Impact on Innovation policy? / Anthony Arundel -- Capturing design: lessons from the United Kingdom and Canada / Tara Vinodrai, Meric S. Gertler, Ray Lambert -- Enriching the indicator base for the economics of knowledge / Dominique Foray -- Towards understanding the impacts of science, technology and innovation activities / Heidi Ertl [and others] -- Democratizing innovation: the evolving phenomenon of user Innovation / Eric von Hippel -- How innovative are New Zealand firms? Quantifying and relating organizational and marketing innovation to traditional science and technology indicators / Richard Fabling -- University research in an "innovation society" / Richard W. Hawkins, Cooper H. Langford, Kiranpal S. Sidhu -- The international mobility of doctorate holders: first results and methodological advances / Laudeline Auriol -- Biotechnology: from measures of activities, linkages and outcomes to impact indicators / Antoine Rose, Chuck McNiven -- A framework to measure the impacts of investments in health research / Alan Bernstein [and others] -- Science, technology and innovation for sustainable development: towards a conceptual statistical framework / Michael Bordt, Julio Miguel Rosa, Johanne Boivin -- Developing science, technology and innovation indicators: the twenty-first century challenges / Christopher Freeman, Luc Soete -- Looking ahead: what implications for STI indicator development? / Alessandra Colecchia. As the world interconnects, science, technology and innovation policies cannot be seen as standing alone. There is a growing interest from central banks and ministries of finance in improving the understanding of how science, technology and innovation create value in the form of increased productivity and profits, and contribute to the valuation of enterprises, and ultimately stimulate the growth and competitiveness of economies. These conference proceedings of the OECD Blue Sky II Forum describe some of the policy needs, measurement issues, and challenges in describing cross-cutting and emerging topics in science, technology and innovation (STI). They also present ideas to exploit existing data and develop new frameworks of measurement in order to guide future development of STI indicators at the OECD and beyond.--Publisher's description.