||Novel Vapor-Deposited Lubricants for Metal-Forming Processes.
Mills, J. J. ;
||Forging Industry Education and Research Foundation, Cleveland, OH. ;Martin Marietta Labs., Baltimore, MD.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Air and Energy Engineering Research Lab.
Metal working ;
Vapor deposition ;
Die forging ;
Organic compounds ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
The report gives results of a preliminary laboratory study of the feasibility of using vapor-phase lubrication to lubricate industrial metal forging dies. (NOTE: the forging and shaping of metal parts is one of many metal fabricating processes that may generate volatile organic compounds and hydrocarbons. In typical metal-forming operations, hot metal is squeezed in lubricated dies to produce metal shapes in the form of the die cavity.) The report gives results of six tasks conducted during the study and discusses the potential production and environmental impact of the process. A vapor lubrication system developed for general industrial use could significantly reduce the volume of forging lubricants required by present industrial forging operations. The laboratory results indicate that it may be possible to reduce potential air pollution emissions from forging using vapor lubrication by as much as 85%. This would be accomplished by using 85% less lubricant volume during metal forging.