The report documents an evaluation of nonconventional alternative wastewater management technologies for three small communities in Kansas. When this evaluation was initiated, all three communities had applied for construction grants, and had had facility plans prepared. In the original facility planning effort, 'alternative technologies,' as defined by the Clean Water Act of 1977, were not fully considered. The study included an assessment of existing onsite system performance and a cost-effectiveness analysis of several alternative systems for each community. Present worth costs and annual user costs were developed. Recommendations are offered basin on the analysis of technical feasibility, cost-effectiveness, economic impact, and operational impact, and operational implementability.