Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Kinetics and Metabolism of Inhaled Methyl Chloroform (1,1,1-Trichloroethan) in Human Volunteers with Cover Letter.
CORP Author Dow Chemical Co., Midland, MI.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Toxic Substances.
Publisher 28 Jun 1983
Year Published 1983
Report Number OTS-878213685;
Stock Number OTS-0206356
Additional Subjects Kinetics ; Metabolism ; Inhalation ; Chloroform ; Humans ; Males ; Lungs ; Exposure ; Toxicity ; Blood ; Air ; Rats ; Methyl chloroform(MC) ; Trichloroethanol(TCE) ; Trichloroacetic acid(TCA) ; 1,1,1,-Trichloroethane
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  OTS-0206356 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 09/29/2008
Collation 32p
The kinetics of inhaled methyl chloroform (MC) and its principal metabolites, trichloroethanol (TCE) and Trichloroacetic acid (TCA), were defined in 6 healthy male volunteers following single 6 hr exposures of 350 and 35 ppm. Blood and expired air MC concentrations were proportional to the exposure concentration and indicated about 25% of the MC inhaled during the 6 hr exposure was absorbed. Elimination of MC was tri-exponential with half-lives estimated as 44 min, 5.7. hr and 53 hr for the initial, intermediate and terminal phases. Over 91% of the absorbed MC was excreted unchanged via the lungs, 5-6% was metabolized and excreted as TCE and TCA, and less than 1% remained in the body after 9 days. Urinary TCE and TCA excretion were extremely variable and indicated that urinary TCE and TCA measurements provide at best only a rough estimate of the exposure. These data suggest that the kinetics of MC in man is essentially first-order at or below the current TLV of 350 ppm. Based on a comparison of the blood MC levels and amounts of MC metabolized, the rat is a better model than the mouse to predict the toxicity of MC in man.