Since its inception in 1994, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys (EPA) Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) has been fostering a balanced approach to environmental protection. Such a balanced approach would combine enforcement and compliance assurance activities to protect all Americans from the threats to our health and environment. In Fiscal Year (FY) 1996, EPA made strong progress toward that balanced approach. These strides were measured by three primary indicators: Number of enforcement actions; Impact of enforcement activities on the environment; Number of compliance-related activities. This FY96 accomplishments report documents those achievements. These programs and policies work in concert to bring measurable results to the American people --cleaner and healthier air, water, and land. Enforcement and compliance continue to play a vital and irreplaceable role in EPAs mission of ensuring that the countrys environmental laws work to their fullest extent in protecting our environment.