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RECORD NUMBER: 4 OF 11

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Delay-Dependent Impairment of Reversal Learning in Rats Treated with Trimethyltin.
Author Bushnell, P. J. ;
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC. Neurotoxicology Div.
Publisher c1990
Year Published 1990
Report Number EPA/600/J-90/424;
Stock Number PB91-171793
Additional Subjects Toxicology ; Learning disorders ; Trimethyltin compounds ; Hippocampus ; Time factors ; Animal behavior ; Histology ; Body weight ; Reprints ;
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
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Status
NTIS  PB91-171793 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 09/04/1991
Collation 17p
Abstract
Recent theories of hippocampal function focus on its role in the formation of associations in the temporal domain. A reversal learning paradigm based on leverpress automaintenance was developed to vary the CS-UCS relationship along two independent dimensions, one temporal and one not: CS+-UCS delay and the probability of reinforcement (P(RFT)) following the CS+. Eight male hooded Long-Evans rats were trained to reverse the automaintained discriminations repeatedly, until stable reversal performance was achieved. The neurotoxicant trimethyltin (TMT) was used to induce lesions in the CNS, including the CA3-4 region of Ammon's Horn in dorsal hippocampus. Following iv injection of 7 mg/kg TMT to half the rats, reversal performance was assessed under varying conditions of delay and P(RFT). After recovery from the acute effects of TMT (1-2 weeks), treated rats reversed normally when no delay separated the CS+ and UCS; with delays of 2 to 4 sec, they reversedless completely within a session than did controls. The degree of behavioral impairment correlated significantly with hippocampal damage only at nonzero CS+-UCS delays.