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OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Contribution of Marine Algae to Trihalomethane Production in Chlorinated Estuarine Water.
Author Crane, Allan M. ; Erickson, Stanton J. ; Hawkins, Cynthia E. ;
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Gulf Breeze, FL. Gulf Breeze Environmental Research Lab.
Year Published 1979
Report Number EPA-600/J-80-215;
Stock Number PB81-165169
Additional Subjects Algae ; Chlorination ; Estuaries ; Water pollution ; Halogen organic compounds ; North Edisto River ; South Carolina ; Chloroform ; Chlorophylls ; Bromoform ; Reprints ; Isochrysis galbana ; Carteria ; Thalassiosira pseudonana
Holdings
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Status
NTIS  PB81-165169 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/23/1988
Collation 13p
Abstract
Three species of marine algae representing major taxonomic groups of phytoplankton, Isochrysis galbana (Chrysophyceae), Carteria sp. (Chlorophyceae), and Thalassiosira pseudonana (Bacillariphyceae), were utilized to investigate the potential of natural occurring chlorophyll a of living algae to produce trihalomethanes during the chlorination of saline waters. Chlorination of filtered natural estuarine water (salinity-23 p.p.t.) from the North Edisto River, South Carolina, results in rapid formation of 201-221 microgram/l trihalomethanes comprised mainly of bromoform (CHBr3) and chlorodibromomethane (CHBr2Cl). In the presence of 10 to the 6th power cells /ml Isochrysis galbana, chlorination of filtered estuarine water with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) to a nominal 10 mg/l chlorine increased the total trihalomethane concentration by an average of 41% (N=6). The presence of Thalassiosira pseudonana resulted in an average 24% decrease (N=6) while Carteria sp. did not produce a statistically significant effect upon the total trihalomethane concentration formed.