Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog

RECORD NUMBER: 4 OF 216

OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Air Pollution Assessment of Tetrachloroethylene.
Author Fuller., B. B. ;
CORP Author Mitre Corp., McLean, Va.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, N.C. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.
Year Published 1976
Report Number MTR-7143; EPA-68-02-1495;
Stock Number PB-256 731
Additional Subjects Air pollution ; Tetrachloroethylene ; Air pollution control ; Waste disposal ; Chemical industry ; Industrial hygiene ; Assessment ; Toxicity ; Physical properties ; Chemical properties ; Material handling ; Chlorine organic compounds ; Physiological effects ; Research ; Concentration(Composition) ; Sources ; Solvents ; Effluents ; Ventilation ; Maintenance ; Indoor air pollution ; Air pollution effects(Humans) ; Air pollution effects(Animals) ; Environmental chemical substitutes ; Carcinogens ; Stationary sources
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
NTIS  PB-256 731 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/23/1988
Collation 99p
Abstract
Tetrachloroethylene, commonly known as perchloroethylene, is a synthetic halogenated hydrocarbon with excellent solvent properties. The primary physiological effect of tetrachloroethylene inhalation is central nervous system depression with loss of consciousness and death occurring at high concentrations. Liver damage has also been reported but only at or near lethal levels. The probability of environmental contamination is greatest at dry cleaning facilities where heated solvent vapors may be released to the atmosphere. Although adequate technology for the prevention of these losses is available, only 25% of the dry-cleaning establishments use such control. At metal degreasing facilities proper equipment design and adequate ventilation are sufficiently effective in maintaining safe vapor levels. The high volatility and low solubility of tetrachloroethylene are responsible for the entry of the solvent into the atmosphere and the primary mode of transport for tetrachloroethylene photodegrades in sunlight with a half life of 2 days and is therefore not expected to accumulate in the environment. Concentrations in the ambient air over the highly industrialized Los Angeles Basin averaged 1.25 ppb but levels over rural areas and the open ocean averaged only 20 ppt.