The chemical industry -- Chemicals from natural gas and petroleum -- Chemicals and polymers from ethylene -- Chemicals and polymers from propylene -- Chemicals and polymers from the c4 stream -- Chemicals and polymers from the c5 stream -- Chemicals and polymers from benzene -- Chemicals and polymers from toluene -- Chemicals and polymers from xylenes -- Chemicals from methane -- Chemicals from alkanes -- Chemicals from coal -- Fats and oils -- Carbohydrates -- How polymers are made -- Industrial catalysis -- Sustainability and green chemistry. Updated and expanded, the Second Edition discusses how the majority of industrial organic chemicals and polymers are derived from seven major building blocks produced from petroleum and natural gas, these include ethylene, propylene, C4 olefins (butenes and butadiene), benzene toluene, the xylenes and methane. The book goes on to describe the chemistry of these building block chemicals and their derivatives, as well as how they are manufactured. It also gives the uses and the economic importance of the substances, explaining the concerns and why one is preferred over another. Provides a thorough overview of the seven building block chemicals and their derivatives, including processing, uses, and economic importance Gives a broad description of the polymer industry and industrial catalysts Has a new section on the highly profitable specialty chemicals.