||Determination of Microbial Cell Numbers in Subsurface Samples.
Webster, J. J. ;
Hampton, G. J. ;
Wilson, J. T. ;
Ghiorse, W. C. ;
Leach, F. R. ;
||Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater. Dept. of Biochemistry. ;Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY.;Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Lab., Ada, OK.
Ground water ;
Water pollution ;
Subsurface investigations ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
Ground-water pollution by organic compounds has become a major environmental concern. Because the transport and fate of the organic pollutants may be influenced by microorganisms present in subsurface material, reliable measurements of the number of organisms in subsurface samples and their metabolic activity are needed. A special drilling rig and aseptic procedures have been developed by the Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to yield uncontaminated subsurface samples. The number of bacteria in subsurface samples has been determined by microscopic counting after acridine orange staining; the proportion of cells capable of respiration was determined by INT reduction. An independent measure of metabolic activity was obtained by measuring ATP extracted from the samples. A procedure and extractant for the extraction of ATP from subsurface material have been developed. The extractant contains reagents to reduce the loss of the extracted ATP.