Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Enforcement economics in air pollution control /
Author Downing, Paul B., ; Watson, Jr., William D.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Watson, William Downing,
CORP Author Washington Environmental Research Center, D.C.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington Environmental Research Center, Office of Research and Development,
Year Published 1973
Report Number EPA-600/5-73-014
Stock Number PB-240 963
OCLC Number 01061916
Subjects Air--Pollution--Economic aspects.
Additional Subjects Air pollution control ; Law enforcement ; Air pollution standards ; Cost effectiveness ; Cost estimates ; Industries ; Government policies ; Local government ; State government ; Capitalized Costs ; Operating costs ; Numerical analysis ; Fly ash ; Electric power plants ; Tradeoffs
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJAD  EPA 600/5-73-014 Region 3 Library/Philadelphia, PA 03/01/1996
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-5-73-014 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/15/2010
EJBD  EPA 600-5-73-014 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 11/14/2013
EKAM  HC110.A4D6 Region 4 Library/Atlanta,GA 06/24/1994
EKBD  EPA-600/5-73-014 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 09/12/2003
NTIS  PB-240 963 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 01/01/1988
Collation vi, 104 pages : illustrations, tables ; 28 cm.
The effects of alternative enforcement strategies on the pollution control activities of the firm are investigated. There are a number of tradeoffs available to a firm including delay and non-compliance which allow it to minimize expected pollution control costs. These are identified within the context of a generalized behavioral model for the firm and an empirical study is undertaken to determine their importance. In a simulation of current enforcement of the federal new source particulate matter discharge standard for coal-fired power plants it is found that cost-minimizing power plants will install relatively costly pollution control technology and frequently violate federal fly ash standards. Two alternative enforcement strategies for overcoming these shortcomings, namely compliance tests in combination with emission taxes and emission taxes alone, are analyzed. In the case of the federal fly ash discharge standard for coal-fired power plants it is tentatively concluded that emission tax enforcement would probably result in an approximate minimization of the sum of firm and enforcement agency resource costs. The general applicability of this result to other enforcement problems is discussed.
"December 1973." "Program Element 1HA094." Includes bibliographical references (pages 85-86).
Contents Notes
Nine-year-old Michelle describes the joys, loving times, difficulties, and other special situations involved in living with her older sister Amy Emmert, who was born severely disabled with cerebral palsy.